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July 2015 CoverJuly 2015 | Volume 123 | Issue 7

On the Cover

Although food packaging serves important safety functions, these painstakingly engineered containers can also leach chemicals and other contaminants into the food and drink they protect. Researchers and food producers are searching for ways to stem this chemical migration, but solutions are proving elusive.

© Joseph Tart/Brogan & Partners

July 2015 | Volume 123 | Issue 7


A Hard Nut to Crack: Reducing Chemical Migration in Food-Contact Materials

Nate Seltenrich | A174

A Second Life for Scraps: Making Biogas from Food Waste

Richard Dahl | A180

Increased Minimum Mortality Temperature in France: Data Suggest Humans Are Adapting to Climate Change

Julia R. Barrett | A184

Also see Todd and Valleron, p. 659

New Risk Factor for SIDS? Peaks in Cot Deaths Associated with Heat Waves

Carrie Arnold | A185

Also see Auger et al., p. 712

What’s NORMal for Fracking? Estimating Total Radioactivity of Produced Fluids

Lindsey Konkel | A186

Also see Nelson et al., p. 689

POPs and Gut Microbiota: Dietary Exposure Alters Ratio of Bacterial Species

Carol Potera | A187

Also see Zhang et al., p. 679


Bisphenol S and F: A Systematic Review and Comparison of the Hormonal Activity of Bisphenol A Substitutes

Johanna R. Rochester and Ashley L. Bolden | 643


Combining PM2.5 Component Data from Multiple Sources: Data Consistency and Characteristics Relevant to Epidemiological Analyses of Predicted Long-Term Exposures

Sun-Young Kim, Lianne Sheppard, Timothy V. Larson, Joel D. Kaufman, and Sverre Vedal | 651

Space–Time Covariation of Mortality with Temperature: A Systematic Study of Deaths in France, 1968–2009

Nicolas Todd and Alain-Jacques Valleron | 659

Also see Science Selections, p. A184

Paternal Urinary Concentrations of Parabens and Other Phenols in Relation to Reproductive Outcomes among Couples from a Fertility Clinic

Laura E. Dodge, Paige L. Williams, Michelle A. Williams, Stacey A. Missmer, Thomas L. Toth, Antonia M. Calafat, and Russ Hauser | 665

A Case-Only Study of Vulnerability to Heat Wave–Related Mortality in New York City (2000–2011)

Jaime Madrigano, Kazuhiko Ito, Sarah Johnson, Patrick L. Kinney, and Thomas Matte | 672

Persistent Organic Pollutants Modify Gut Microbiota–Host Metabolic Homeostasis in Mice Through Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Activation

Limin Zhang, Robert G. Nichols, Jared Correll, Iain A. Murray, Naoki Tanaka, Philip B. Smith, Troy D. Hubbard, Aswathy Sebastian, Istvan Albert, Emmanuel Hatzakis, Frank J. Gonzalez, Gary H. Perdew, and Andrew D. Patterson | 679

Also see Science Selections, p. A187

Understanding the Radioactive Ingrowth and Decay of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Environment: An Analysis of Produced Fluids from the Marcellus Shale

Andrew W. Nelson, Eric S. Eitrheim, Andrew W. Knight, Dustin May, Marinea A. Mehrhoff, Robert Shannon, Robert Litman, William C. Burnett, Tori Z. Forbes, and Michael K. Schultz | 689

Also see Science Selections, p. A186

Air Pollution and Mortality in Seven Million Adults: The Dutch Environmental Longitudinal Study (DUELS)

Paul H. Fischer, Marten Marra, Caroline B. Ameling, Gerard Hoek, Rob Beelen, Kees de Hoogh, Oscar Breugelmans, Hanneke Kruize, Nicole A.H. Janssen, and Danny Houthuijs | 697

Measurement of Total and Free Urinary Phenol and Paraben Concentrations over the Course of Pregnancy: Assessing Reliability and Contamination of Specimens in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study

Virginia T. Guidry, Matthew P. Longnecker, Heidi Aase, Merete Eggesbø, Pål Zeiner, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Gun P. Knudsen, Randi J. Bertelsen, Xiaoyun Ye, Antonia M. Calafat, and Stephanie M. Engel | 705

Children’s Health

Ambient Heat and Sudden Infant Death: A Case-Crossover Study Spanning 30 Years in Montreal, Canada

Nathalie Auger, William D. Fraser, Audrey Smargiassi, and Tom Kosatsky | 712

Also see Science Selections, p. A185

Maternal Blood Manganese and Early Neurodevelopment: The Mothers and Children’s Environmental Health (MOCEH) Study

Soo Eun Chung, Hae-Kwan Cheong, Eun-Hee Ha, Boong-Nyun Kim, Mina Ha, Yangho Kim, Yun-Chul Hong, Hyesook Park, and Se-Young Oh | 717

Placental DNA Methylation Related to Both Infant Toenail Mercury and Adverse Neurobehavioral Outcomes

Jennifer Z.J. Maccani, Devin C. Koestler, Barry Lester, E. Andrés Houseman, David A. Armstrong, Karl T. Kelsey, and Carmen J. Marsit | 723

Prenatal and Postnatal Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants and Infant Growth: A Pooled Analysis of Seven European Birth Cohorts

Nina Iszatt, Hein Stigum, Marc-André Verner, Richard A. White, Eva Govarts, Lubica Palkovicova Murinova, Greet Schoeters, Tomas Trnovec, Juliette Legler, Fabienne Pelé, Jérémie Botton, Cécile Chevrier, Jürgen Wittsiepe, Ulrich Ranft, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Claudia Klümper, Nynke Weisglas-Kuperus, Anuschka Polder, Merete Eggesbø, and OBELIX | 730

Blood Pressure and Same-Day Exposure to Air Pollution at School: Associations with Nano-Sized to Coarse PM in Children

Nicky Pieters, Gudrun Koppen, Martine Van Poppel, Sofie De Prins, Bianca Cox, Evi Dons, Vera Nelen, Luc Int Panis, Michelle Plusquin, Greet Schoeters, and Tim S. Nawrot | 737


Brief Communication

Optimal Exposure Biomarkers for Nonpersistent Chemicals in Environmental Epidemiology

Antonia M. Calafat, Matthew P. Longnecker, Holger M. Koch, Shanna H. Swan, Russ Hauser, Lynn R. Goldman, Bruce P. Lanphear, Ruthann A. Rudel, Stephanie M. Engel, Susan L. Teitelbaum, Robin M. Whyatt, and Mary S. Wolff | A166


Comment on “Association between Lifetime Exposure to Inorganic Arsenic in Drinking Water and Coronary Heart Disease in Colorado Residents”

Ragnar Ryland | A169

Response to “Comment on ‘Association between Lifetime Exposure to Inorganic Arsenic in Drinking Water and Coronary Heart Disease in Colorado Residents’”

Katherine A. James, Tim Byers, John E. Hokanson, Jaymie R. Meliker, and Julie A. Marshall | A169

Comment on “Fluorotechnology Is Critical to Modern Life: The FluoroCouncil Counterpoint to the Madrid Statement”

Ian T. Cousins, Simona A. Balan, Martin Scheringer, Roland Weber, Zhanyun Wang, Arlene Blum, Miriam Diamond, Tony Fletcher, Gretta Goldenman, Christopher Higgins, Avery E. Lindeman, Graham Peaslee, Xenia Trier, and Pim de Voogt | A170

Response to “Comment on ‘Fluorotechnology Is Critical to Modern Life: The FluoroCouncil Counterpoint to the Madrid Statement’”

Jessica S. Bowman | A170


Retraction: “Hyaluronan Activation of the Nlrp3 Inflammasome Contributes to the Development of Airway Hyperresponsiveness”

John W. Hollingsworth | A172

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