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February 2016 CoverFebruary 2016 | Volume 124 | Issue 2

On the Cover

Since the dawn of agriculture, the world’s soils are estimated to have lost billions of metric tons of carbon to the atmosphere. Researchers are now looking at ways to recarbonize the global soil pool using methods such as cover cropping, no-till farming, and enriching the soil with biochar. One of their chief goals: mitigating climate change.

© Bill Barksdale/Corbis

February 2016 | Volume 124 | Issue 2

News

Healthy Ground, Healthy Atmosphere: Recarbonizing the Earth’s Soils

Nancy Averett | A30

Arsenic and Latent Disease Risk: What’s the Mechanism of Action?

Carol Potera | A36

Also see Bailey et al., p. 170

Variable Effectiveness: Assessing Methods to Adjust for Covariates in Biomonitoring

Lindsey Konkel | A37

Also see O’Brien et al., p. 220

A Clearer Picture of China’s Air: Using Satellite Data and Ground Monitoring to Estimate PM2.5 over Time

Nate Seltenrich | A38

Also see Ma et al., p. 184

Arsenic Exposure and the Western Diet: A Recipe for Metabolic Disorders?

Julia R. Barrett | A39

Also see Ditzel et al., p. 201

Commentary

Mechanisms Underlying Latent Disease Risk Associated with Early-Life Arsenic Exposure: Current Research Trends and Scientific Gaps

Kathryn A. Bailey, Allan H. Smith, Erik J. Tokar, Joseph H. Graziano, Kyoung-Woong Kim, Panida Navasumrit, Mathuros Ruchirawat, Apinya Thiantanawat, William A. Suk, and Rebecca C. Fry | 170

Also see Science Selections, p. A36

Research

Multiple Trigger Points for Quantifying Heat-Health Impacts: New Evidence from a Hot Climate

Diana B. Petitti, David M. Hondula, Shuo Yang, Sharon L. Harlan, and Gerardo Chowell | 176

Satellite-Based Spatiotemporal Trends in PM2.5 Concentrations: China, 2004–2013

Zongwei Ma, Xuefei Hu, Andrew M. Sayer, Robert Levy, Qiang Zhang, Yingang Xue, Shilu Tong, Jun Bi, Lei Huang, and Yang Liu | 184

Also see Science Selections, p. A38

Near-Roadway Air Pollution and Coronary Heart Disease: Burden of Disease and Potential Impact of a Greenhouse Gas Reduction Strategy in Southern California

Rakesh Ghosh, Frederick Lurmann, Laura Perez, Bryan Penfold, Sylvia Brandt, John Wilson, Meredith Milet, Nino Künzli, and Rob McConnell | 193

Effects of Arsenite Exposure during Fetal Development on Energy Metabolism and Susceptibility to Diet-Induced Fatty Liver Disease in Male Mice

Eric J. Ditzel, Thu Nguyen, Patricia Parker, and Todd D. Camenisch | 201

Also see Science Selections, p. A39

Effects of Laser Printer–Emitted Engineered Nanoparticles on Cytotoxicity, Chemokine Expression, Reactive Oxygen Species, DNA Methylation, and DNA Damage: A Comprehensive in Vitro Analysis in Human Small Airway Epithelial Cells, Macrophages, and Lymphoblasts

Sandra V. Pirela, Isabelle R. Miousse, Xiaoyan Lu, Vincent Castranova, Treye Thomas, Yong Qian, Dhimiter Bello, Lester Kobzik, Igor Koturbash, and Philip Demokritou | 210

Environmental Chemicals in Urine and Blood: Improving Methods for Creatinine and Lipid Adjustment

Katie M. O’Brien, Kristen Upson, Nancy R. Cook, and Clarice R. Weinberg | 220

Also see Science Selections, p. A37

Children’s Health

Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Behavioral Problems in 7-Year-Old Children: A Cohort Study

Dorrit Hjortebjerg, Anne Marie Nybo Andersen, Jeppe Schultz Christensen, Matthias Ketzel, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Jordi Sunyer, Jordi Julvez, Joan Forns, and Mette Sørensen | 228

Prenatal Exposure to NO2 and Ultrasound Measures of Fetal Growth in the Spanish INMA Cohort

Carmen Iñiguez, Ana Esplugues, Jordi Sunyer, Mikel Basterrechea, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Olga Costa, Marisa Estarlich, Inmaculada Aguilera, Aitana Lertxundi, Adonina Tardón, Mònica Guxens, Mario Murcia, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, and Ferran Ballester, on behalf of the INMA Project | 235

Associations of Pregnancy Outcomes and PM2.5 in a National Canadian Study

David M. Stieb, Li Chen, Bernardo S. Beckerman, Michael Jerrett, Daniel L. Crouse, D. Walter Rasugu Omariba, Paul A. Peters, Aaron van Donkelaar, Randall V. Martin, Richard T. Burnett, Nicolas L. Gilbert, Michael Tjepkema, Shiliang Liu, and Rose M. Dugandzic | 243

Geographic Variation in the Association between Ambient Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) and Term Low Birth Weight in the United States

Yongping Hao, Heather Strosnider, Lina Balluz, and Judith R. Qualters | 250

Perspectives

Brief Communication

Community Engagement and Data Disclosure in Environmental Health Research

Erin N. Haynes, Sarah Elam, Roxanne Burns, Alonzo Spencer, Elissa Yancey, Pierce Kuhnell, Jody Alden, Mike Walton, Virgil Reynolds, Nicholas Newman, Robert O. Wright, Patrick J. Parsons, Meredith L. Praamsma, Christopher D. Palmer, and Kim N. Dietrich | A24

Correspondence

Comment on “Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Behavioral Problems in 7-Year-Old Children: A Cohort Study”

Victor Lezama, Luis Chauca, Maritza Marchena, and Daniel Duran | A28

Response to “Comment on ‘Exposure to Road Traffic Noise and Behavioral Problems in 7-Year-Old Children: A Cohort Study’”

Dorrit Hjortebjerg, Anne Marie Nybo Andersen, Jeppe Schultz Christensen, Matthias Ketzel, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Jordi Sunyer, Jordi Julvez, Joan Forns, and Mette Sørensen | A28

Erratum

Erratum: “Ethical Issues in Environmental Health Research Related to Public Health Emergencies: Reflections on the GuLF STUDY”

David B. Resnik, Aubrey K. Miller, Richard K. Kwok, Lawrence S. Engel, and Dale P. Sandler | A29

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