Review Advance Publication
Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1510438
Laying a Community-Based Foundation for Data-Driven Semantic Standards in Environmental Health Sciences
PDF Version (887 KB)
Background: Despite increasing availability of environmental health science (EHS) data, development and implementation of relevant semantic standards, such as ontologies or hierarchical vocabularies, has lagged. Consequently, integration and analysis of information needed to better model environmental influences on human health remains a significant challenge.
Objectives: Identify a committed community and mechanisms needed to develop EHS semantic standards that will advance understanding about the impacts of environmental exposures on human disease.
Methods: The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) sponsored a Workshop for the Development of a Framework for Environmental Health Science Language hosted at North Carolina State University on September 15-16, 2014. Through the assembly of data generators, users, publishers and funders, we aimed to develop a foundation for enabling community-based and data driven standards development that will ultimately improve standardization, sharing, and interoperability of EHS information.
Discussion: Creating and maintaining an EHS common language is a continuous and iterative process, requiring community building around research interests and needs, enabling integration and reuse of existing data, and providing a low barrier of access for researchers needing to use or extend such a resource.
Conclusions: Recommendations included developing a community-supported Web-based toolkit that would enable: 1) collaborative development of EHS research questions and use cases; 2) construction of user-friendly tools for searching and extending existing semantic resources; 3) education and guidance about standards and their implementation; and 4) creation of a plan for governance and sustainability.
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Citation: Mattingly CJ, Boyles R, Lawler CP, Haugen AC, Dearry A, Haendel M. Laying a Community-Based Foundation for Data-Driven Semantic Standards in Environmental Health Sciences. Environ Health Perspect; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510438
Received: 7 July 2015
Accepted: 3 February 2016
Advance Publication: 12 February 2016
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