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EHP

January 2014 | Volume 122 | Issue 1

News

January 2014 coverFocus

Myopia: The Evidence for Environmental Factors

Tim Lougheed | A12

Myopia, or nearsightedness, was long blamed on genetics and behavior, but dramatic increases in prevalence in recent decades point to environmental factors as well. Moreover, time spent outdoors appears to have a protective effect against myopia, although investigators still aren’t sure why.

Image: © Annemarie van den Berg/Getty Images

Wind turbines in Falmouth, Massachusetts

Wind Turbines: A Different Breed of Noise?

Nate Seltenrich | A20

Since at least 1930, researchers have amassed a body of evidence on the adverse nonauditory health effects of environmental noise. More recently, a new source of noise has entered the scene: wind turbines. As wind farms become more common near populated areas, researchers are investigating the unique qualities of the noise they produce.

Image: © David L Ryan/The Boston Globe via Getty Images

Science Selections

Lead Transfer during Breastfeeding: A Start toward Filling in the Data Gaps

Julia R. Barrett | A26

Also see Ettinger et al., p. 87

Cooking Up Indoor Air Pollution: Emissions from Natural Gas Stoves

Wendee Nicole | A27

Also see Logue et al., p. 43

A Long-Term Risk? Prenatal POPs Exposure and Asthma in Young Adults

Lindsey Konkel | A28

Also see Hansen et al., p. 93

Toxicity beyond the Lung: Connecting PM2.5, Inflammation, and Diabetes

Carol Potera | A29

Also see Liu et al., p. 17

Commentaries


Guidelines for Exposure Assessment in Health Risk Studies Following a Nuclear Reactor Accident

André Bouville, Martha S. Linet, Maureen Hatch, Kiyohiko Mabuchi, and Steven L. Simon | 1

Evaluation of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons Using Analytical Methods, Toxicology, and Risk Assessment Research: Seafood Safety after a Petroleum Spill as an Example

Jeffrey Wickliffe, Edward Overton, Scott Frickel, Jessi Howard, Mark Wilson, Bridget Simon, Stephen Echsner, Daniel Nguyen, David Gauthe, Diane Blake, Charles Miller, Cornelis Elferink, Shakeel Ansari, Harshica Fernando, Edward Trapido, and Andrew Kane | 6

Research


Estimation and Uncertainty Analysis of Impacts of Future Heat Waves on Mortality in the Eastern United States

Jianyong Wu, Ying Zhou, Yang Gao, Joshua S. Fu, Brent A. Johnson, Cheng Huang, Young-Min Kim, and Yang Liu | 10

Air Pollution–Mediated Susceptibility to Inflammation and Insulin Resistance: Influence of CCR2 Pathways in Mice

Cuiqing Liu, Xiaohua Xu, Yuntao Bai, Tse-Yao Wang, Xiaoquan Rao, Aixia Wang, Lixian Sun, Zhekang Ying, Liubov Gushchina, Andrei Maiseyeu, Masako Morishita, Qinghua Sun, Jack R. Harkema, and Sanjay Rajagopalan | 17

Also see Science Selections, p. A29

Cardiovascular Depression in Rats Exposed to Inhaled Particulate Matter and Ozone: Effects of Diet-Induced Metabolic Syndrome

James G. Wagner, Katryn Allen, Hui-yu Yang, Bin Nan, Masako Morishita, Bhramar Mukherjee, J. Timothy Dvonch, Catherine Spino, Gregory D. Fink, Sanjay Rajagopalan, Qinghua Sun, Robert D. Brook, and Jack R. Harkema | 27

Modulation of Distinct Asthmatic Phenotypes in Mice by Dose-Dependent Inhalation of Microbial Products

Gregory S. Whitehead, Seddon Y. Thomas, and Donald N. Cook | 34

Pollutant Exposures from Natural Gas Cooking Burners: A Simulation-Based Assessment for Southern California

Jennifer M. Logue, Neil E. Klepeis, Agnes B. Lobscheid, and Brett C. Singer | 43

Also see Science Selections, p. A27

Serum Dioxin Concentrations and Bone Density and Structure in the Seveso Women’s Health Study

Brenda Eskenazi, Marcella Warner, Marcella Sirtori, Thomas Fuerst, Stephen A. Rauch, Paolo Brambilla, Paolo Mocarelli, and Alessandro Rubinacci | 51

Air Pollution Exposures During Adulthood and Risk of Endometriosis in the Nurses’ Health Study II

Shruthi Mahalingaiah, Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden, Ann Aschengrau, and Stacey A. Missmer | 58

Evaluating Multipollutant Exposure and Urban Air Quality: Pollutant Interrelationships, Neighborhood Variability, and Nitrogen Dioxide as a Proxy Pollutant

Ilan Levy, Cristian Mihele, Gang Lu, Julie Narayan, and Jeffrey R. Brook | 65

Polychlorinated Biphenyl Exposures and Cognition in Older U.S. Adults: NHANES (1999–2002)

Maryse F. Bouchard, Youssef Oulhote, Sharon K. Sagiv, Dave Saint-Amour, and Jennifer Weuve | 73

Long-Term Exposure to Concentrated Ambient PM2.5 Increases Mouse Blood Pressure through Abnormal Activation of the Sympathetic Nervous System: A Role for Hypothalamic Inflammation

Zhekang Ying, Xiaohua Xu, Yuntao Bai, Jixin Zhong, Minjie Chen, Yijia Liang, Jinzhuo Zhao, Dongyao Liu, Masako Morishita, Qinghua Sun, Catherine Spino, Robert D. Brook, Jack R. Harkema, and Sanjay Rajagopalan | 79

Children’s Health

Maternal Blood, Plasma, and Breast Milk Lead: Lactational Transfer and Contribution to Infant Exposure

Adrienne S. Ettinger, Ananya Roy, Chitra J. Amarasiriwardena, Donald Smith, Nicola Lupoli, Adriana Mercado-García, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa, Martha Maria Tellez-Rojo, Howard Hu, and Mauricio Hernández-Avila | 87

Also see Science Selections, p. A26

Maternal Concentrations of Persistent Organochlorine Pollutants and the Risk of Asthma in Offspring: Results from a Prospective Cohort with 20 Years of Follow-up

Susanne Hansen, Marin Strøm, Sjurdur F. Olsen, Ekaterina Maslova, Panu Rantakokko, Hannu Kiviranta, Dorte Rytter, Bodil H. Bech, Linda V. Hansen, and Thorhallur I. Halldorsson | 93

Also see Science Selections, p. A28

Exposure to Brominated Trihalomethanes in Water During Pregnancy and Micronuclei Frequency in Maternal and Cord Blood Lymphocytes

Leslie Thomas Stayner, Marie Pedersen, Evridiki Patelarou, Ilse Decordier, Kim Vande Loock, Leda Chatzi, Ana Espinosa, Eleni Fthenou, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Euripides G. Stephanou, Micheline Kirsch-Volders, and Manolis Kogevinas | 100

Air Pollution and Respiratory Infections during Early Childhood: An Analysis of 10 European Birth Cohorts within the ESCAPE Project

Elaina A. MacIntyre, Ulrike Gehring, Anna Mölter, Elaine Fuertes, Claudia Klümper, Ursula Krämer, Ulrich Quass, Barbara Hoffmann, Mireia Gascon, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard H. Koppelman, Rob Beelen, Gerard Hoek, Matthias Birk, Johan C. de Jongste, H.A. Smit, Josef Cyrys, Olena Gruzieva, Michal Korek, Anna Bergström, Raymond M. Agius, Frank de Vocht, Angela Simpson, Daniela Porta, Francesco Forastiere, Chiara Badaloni, Giulia Cesaroni, Ana Esplugues, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Aitana Lerxundi, Jordi Sunyer, Marta Cirach, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Göran Pershagen, and Joachim Heinrich | 107

Perspectives


Editorial

Addressing the Burden of Disease Attributable to Air Pollution in India: The Need to Integrate across Household and Ambient Air Pollution Exposures

Kalpana Balakrishnan, Aaron Cohen, and Kirk R. Smith | A6

Correspondence

The Association between Air Pollution and Subclinical Atherosclerosis

Tomoyuki Kawada | A8

The Association between Air Pollution and Subclinical Atherosclerosis: Rivera et al. Respond

Marcela Rivera, Xavier Basagaña, Inmaculada Aguilera, Maria Foraster, David Agis, Eric de Groot, Laura Perez, Michelle A. Mendez, Laura Bouso, Jaume Targa, Rafael Ramos, Joan Sala, Jaume Marrugat, Roberto Elosua, and Nino Künzli | A8

A Valuable Contribution toward Adopting Systematic Review in Environmental Health

Jennifer McPartland, Juleen Lam, and Colleen Lanier-Christensen | A10

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