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Environmental Health Perspectives

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August 2014 | Volume 122 | Issue 8


August 2014 coverFocus

Keeping Tabs on HABs: New Tools for Detecting, Monitoring, and Preventing Harmful Algal Blooms

Nate Seltenrich | A206

Emerging technologies are enabling researchers to study the ecology of harmful algal blooms (HABs) more precisely and efficiently than ever before in both fresh- and saltwater environments. Improved communications capabilities, higher-resolution satellite imagery, and smaller, more powerful sensors have contributed to significant advances in recent years, at the same time HAB activity has escalated worldwide.

Image: © Kevin Schafer/Alamy

Press release announcing do-not-use orderSpheres of Influence

Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication: Lessons from the Elk River Spill

John Manuel | A214

In the chaos of an unfolding environmental crisis, the public’s urgent need for accurate, credible information sometimes goes unmet. The January 2014 chemical spill in West Virginia’s Elk River is a case in point. The story of the Elk River spill provides valuable examples of public communications that worked well and of improvements to apply the next time a disaster occurs.

Image: © AP Photo/Michael Switzer

Science Selections

Learning to Take the Heat: Declines in U.S. Heat-Related Mortality

Lindsey Konkel | A220

Also see Bobb et al., p. 811

More Evidence for PBDEs as Neurotoxicants: Cohort Study Corroborates Earlier Findings

Kellyn S. Betts | A221

Also see Chen et al., p. 856

Fire in the Belly? Sulfur-Reducing Gut Microbes Fuel Arsenic Thiolation

Carol Potera | A222

Also see DC.Rubin et al., p. 817

BPA and Reproductive Health: Reviewing the Current State of the Science

Julia R. Barrett | A223

Also see Peretz et al., p. 775


The Blood Exposome and Its Role in Discovering Causes of Disease

Stephen M. Rappaport, Dinesh K. Barupal, David Wishart, Paolo Vineis, and Augustin Scalbert | 769

Bisphenol A and Reproductive Health: Update of Experimental and Human Evidence, 2007–2013

Jackye Peretz, Lisa Vrooman, William A. Ricke, Patricia A. Hunt, Shelley Ehrlich, Russ Hauser, Vasantha Padmanabhan, Hugh S. Taylor, Shanna H. Swan, Catherine A. VandeVoort, and Jodi A. Flaws | 775

Also see Science Selections, p. A223

Environmental Public Health Dimensions of Shale and Tight Gas Development

Seth B.C. Shonkoff, Jake Hays, and Madelon L. Finkel | 787

A Framework for the Next Generation of Risk Science

Daniel Krewski, Margit Westphal, Melvin E. Andersen, Gregory M. Paoli, Weihsueh A. Chiu, Mustafa Al-Zoughool, Maxine C. Croteau, Lyle D. Burgoon, and Ila Cote | 796


Estimating the Number of Low-Income Americans Exposed to Household Air Pollution from Burning Solid Fuels

Derek K. Rogalsky, Pauline Mendola, Tricia A. Metts, and William J. Martin II | 806

Heat-Related Mortality and Adaptation to Heat in the United States

Jennifer F. Bobb, Roger D. Peng, Michelle L. Bell, and Francesca Dominici | 811

Also see Science Selections, p. A220

Arsenic Thiolation and the Role of Sulfate-­Reducing Bacteria from the Human Intestinal Tract

Sergio S.C. DC.Rubin, Pradeep Alava, Ivar Zekker, Gijs Du Laing, and Tom Van de Wiele | 817

Also see Science Selections, p. A222

Characterizing Spatial Patterns of Airborne Coarse Particulate (PM10–2.5) Mass and Chemical Components in Three Cities: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Kai Zhang, Timothy V. Larson, Amanda Gassett, Adam A. Szpiro, Martha Daviglus, Gregory L. Burke, Joel D. Kaufman, and Sara D. Adar | 823

Heat-Related Morbidity in Brisbane, Australia: Spatial Variation and Area-Level Predictors

David M. Hondula and Adrian G. Barnett | 831

Associations of Fine Particulate Matter Species with Mortality in the United States: A Multicity Time-Series Analysis

Lingzhen Dai, Antonella Zanobetti, Petros Koutrakis, and Joel D. Schwartz | 837

Performance of Multi-City Land Use Regression Models for Nitrogen Dioxide and Fine Particles

Meng Wang, Rob Beelen, Tom Bellander, Matthias Birk, Giulia Cesaroni, Marta Cirach, Josef Cyrys, Kees de Hoogh, Christophe Declercq, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Marloes Eeftens, Kirsten T. Eriksen, Francesco Forastiere, Claudia Galassi, Georgios Grivas, Joachim Heinrich, Barbara Hoffmann, Alex Ineichen, Michal Korek, Timo Lanki, Sarah Lindley, Lars Modig, Anna Mölter, Per Nafstad, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Wenche Nystad, David Olsson, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Martina Ragettli, Andrea Ranzi, Morgane Stempfelet, Dorothea Sugiri, Ming-Yi Tsai, Orsolya Udvardy, Mihaly J. Varró, Danielle Vienneau, Gudrun Weinmayr, Kathrin Wolf, Tarja Yli-Tuomi, Gerard Hoek, and Bert Brunekreef | 843

Repeated Nitrogen Dioxide Exposures and Eosinophilic Airway Inflammation in Asthmatics: A Randomized Crossover Study

Véronique Ezratty, Gaëlle Guillossou, Catherine Neukirch, Monique Dehoux, Serge Koscielny, Marcel Bonay, Pierre-André Cabanes, Jonathan M. Samet, Patrick Mure, Luc Ropert, Sandra Tokarek, Jacques Lambrozo, and Michel Aubier | 850

Children’s Health

Prenatal Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether Exposures and Neurodevelopment in U.S. Children through 5 Years of Age: The HOME Study

Aimin Chen, Kimberly Yolton, Stephen A. Rauch, Glenys M. Webster, Richard Hornung, Andreas Sjödin, Kim N. Dietrich, and Bruce P. Lanphear | 856

Also see Science Selections, p. A221

Maternal Exposure to Criteria Air Pollutants and Congenital Heart Defects in Offspring: Results from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study

Jeanette A. Stingone, Thomas J. Luben, Julie L. Daniels, Montserrat Fuentes, David B. Richardson, Arthur S. Aylsworth, Amy H. Herring, Marlene Anderka, Lorenzo Botto, Adolfo Correa, Suzanne M. Gilboa, Peter H. Langlois, Bridget Mosley, Gary M. Shaw, Csaba Siffel, Andrew F. Olshan, and the National Birth Defects Prevention Study | 863

Gestational Weight Gain and Exposure of Newborns to Persistent Organic Pollutants

Esther Vizcaino, Joan O. Grimalt, Berit Glomstad, Ana Fernández-Somoano, and Adonina Tardón | 873



Retirement of Hugh A. Tilson

Linda S. Birnbaum and Rick Woychik | A202


The Minamata Convention on Mercury: Time to Seek Solutions with Artisanal Mining Communities

Samuel Spiegel, Susan Keane, Steve Metcalf, Marcello Veiga, and Annalee Yassi | A203


Erratum: “Characterizing Spatial Patterns of Airborne Coarse Particulate (PM10–2.5) Mass and Chemical Components in Three Cities: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis”


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