Featured Children’s Health Articles
From the EHP Editors
Exposures to environmental contaminants during critical windows of development can alter the course of normal development, with lifelong health consequences. Beaudin et al. used a rat model to demonstrate that early-life exposures to low levels of manganese affected adult behaviors such as attention and impulse control. These findings provide the biological plausibility that motivates further epidemiologic research on how manganese might alter neurodevelopment in children.
Stephane A. Beaudin, Barbara J. Strupp, Myla Strawderman, and Donald R. Smith
Michele A. La Merrill, Sunjay Sethi, Ludovic Benard, Erin Moshier, Borje Haraldsson, and Christoph Buettner
From the EHP Editors
In malaria-endemic regions of the world, DDT is still used to control the mosquitoes that spread this devastating disease. However, benefits of DDT spraying may be offset by risks to human health, especially when exposures occur during early life. La Merrill et al. used a mouse model to show that perinatal exposure to DDT causes hypertension later in life. Further, the same medication used to treat hypertension in humans was effective in lowering blood pressure in these mice, pointing to the underlying mechanism. Evidence from this study strengthens the need to protect pregnant women from DDT exposures.
From the EHP Editors
Smoking during pregnancy is known to adversely affect lung development in the fetus and add to the risk of respiratory disease risk later life. But does smoking during adolescence add to this risk? Drummond et al. addressed this question using a mouse model. They found that mice exposed to cigarette smoke prenatally and during adolescence fared worse than those exposed only in utero. This research further supports the importance of efforts to prevent teen smoking.
David Drummond, Mélissa Baravalle-Einaudi, Guillaume Lezmi, Shamila Vibhushan, Marie-Laure Franco-Montoya, Alice Hadchouel, Jorge Boczkowski, and Christophe Delacourt
Stefanie Grafmueller, Pius Manser, Liliane Diener, Pierre-André Diener, Xenia Maeder-Althaus, Lionel Maurizi, Wolfram Jochum, Harald F. Krug, Tina Buerki-Thurnherr, Ursula von Mandach, and Peter Wick
Andrée-Anne Hudon Thibeault, Kathy Deroy, Cathy Vaillancourt, and J. Thomas Sanderson
Frederica P. Perera
Leonardo Trasande, Patrick Malecha, and Teresa M. Attina
Current Children's Health Articles
Carrie V. Breton, Carmen J. Marsit, Elaine Faustman, Kari Nadeau, Jaclyn M. Goodrich, Dana C. Dolinoy, Julie Herbstman, Nina Holland, Janine M. LaSalle, Rebecca Schmidt, Paul Yousefi, Frederica Perera, Bonnie R. Joubert, Joseph Wiemels, Michele Taylor, Ivana V. Yang, Rui Chen, Kinjal M. Hew, Deborah M. Hussey Freeland, Rachel Miller, and Susan K. Murphy
Sarah M. Hatcher, Sarah M. Rhodes, Jill R. Stewart, Ellen Silbergeld, Nora Pisanic, Jesper Larsen, Sharon Jiang, Amanda Krosche, Devon Hall, Karen C. Carroll, and Christopher D. Heaney
Chau-Ren Jung, Wei-Ting Chen, Yu-Ting Lin, and Bing-Fang Hwang
Youssef Oulhote, Frodi Debes, Sonja Vestergaard, Pal Weihe, and Philippe Grandjean
Rémi Béranger, Ronan Garlantézec, Gaïd Le Maner-Idrissi, Agnès Lacroix, Florence Rouget, Jessica Trowbridge, Charline Warembourg, Christine Monfort, Florent Le Gléau, Marylène Jourdin, Luc Multigner, Sylvaine Cordier, and Cécile Chevrier
Children’s Health Resources
• Children’s Health Collections (2010–2015): all research, news, and editorials related to exposures, outcomes, and methodologies on children’s environmental health.
• Children’s Health section (NIEHS): the institute’s efforts and research goals in children’s environmental health.
• Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program (NIH) supports longitudinal studies on birth/child cohorts, researching a variety of environmental exposures and outcomes.
• NIEHS Children's Health Exposure Analysis Resource (CHEAR) provides laboratory and data analysis resources for researchers in children’s health exposures.
• NIEHS/EPA Children’s Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers: research in all aspects of environmental exposures and outcomes in children.
• Partnerships for Environmental Public Health (PEPH, NIEHS) “a network of scientists, community members, educators, healthcare providers, public health officials, and policymakers who share the goal of increasing the impact of environmental public health research at the local, regional, and national level.”
• Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSUs): a network of physicians throughout 10 U.S. regions specializing in environmental conditions that influence reproductive and children’s health.
• The President’s Executive Order 13045 of April 21, 1997, Protection of Children from Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks, recognized the particular vulnerabilities of children to environmental hazards and the need for research to address these needs.
• President’s Task Force on the Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children: intended to maintain government policies, standards, and programs to ensure the health and safety of children.
• Protecting Children’s Environmental Health (U.S. EPA): fact sheets, information on policy, health care, and related science, as well as various other web resources.
• U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Children’s Health Protection: regulation, research, and community programs that address environmental threats to children.
• WHO Collaborating Centres for Children's Environmental Health: research centers around the world, including information about targeted exposures, cohort studies, and publications.
• Children’s Environmental Health Institute (CEHI): an alliance of scientists, medical professionals, and advocates whose goal is “to identify, develop and promote solutions to improve children’s environmental health through scientific research, environmental education and public policy.”
• Children’s Environmental Health Network (CEHN): coordinates a variety of stakeholders around multidisciplinary research, education, policy, and public health awareness related to children’s health.
• Collaborative on Health and the Environment (CHE): an international partnership whose mission is to share scientific research, promote collaboration among constituencies, and facilitate actions to improve health.
• Healthy Schools Network: advocates for child-safe standards in school design, construction, siting, product purchasing, and potential exposures.
• International Society for Children’s Health and the Environment (ISCHE): mission is “to synthesize and translate the science of children’s environmental health to physicians, public health officials, policymakers and parents via position papers, technical reports and testimony.”
• National Environmental Education Foundation (NEEF): promotes environmental education and training, with a particular focus on children and other vulnerable populations.
• SafeRoutes (National Center for Safe Routes to School): details on health and safety within the community as children walk to school: effects of income disparities, types of built environments, and infrastructure.
• A Story of Health (UCSF Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit, ATSDR, CHE, OEHHA, SEHN)
• Children at Risk: Gaps in State Lead Screening Policies (Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families)
• Children’s Environmental Health Research Roadmap (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
• Climate Change and the Health of Children (U.S. EPA)
• Creating Healthier Generations: A Look at the 10 Years of the Federal Safe Routes to School Program (National Center for Safe Routes to School)
• Don’t Pollute My Future: The Impact of the Environment on Children’s Health (World Health Organization)
• E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General (U.S. Public Health Service)
• Federal Research Action Plan on Recycled Tire Crumb Used on Playing Fields and Playgrounds: Status Report (U.S. EPA, CDC/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Consumer Product Safety Commission)
• How Will Climate Change Affect My Health? (U.S. EPA)
• Inheriting a Sustainable World? Atlas on Children’s Health and the Environment (World Health Organization)
• Key Federal Programs to Reduce Childhood Lead (President’s Task Force on the Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children)
• Rebuild Healthy Homes: Guide to Post-disaster Restoration for a Safe and Healthy Home (Department of Housing and Urban Development)
• The State of the World’s Children 2016 (UNICEF)
Search Children’s Health
Events of Interest
3–6 May 2017 (meeting): 10th Annual National Conference on Health Disparities (New Orleans, LA).
12 May 2017 (meeting): Frontiers in Reproductive Genetics (Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, MI).
15–18 May 2017 (training): CDC National Healthy Homes and Lead Poisoning Prevention Training (St. Louis, MO).
14–15 June 2017 (meeting): Highly Fluorinated Compounds – Social and Scientific Discovery (Northeastern University, Boston, MA).
10–14 July 2017 (meeting): Tribal Early Childhood Research Center Summer Institute at Johns Hopkins University (Baltimore, MD).
13–16 July 2017 (meeting): Society for the Study of Reproduction: 50 Years of Research: Looking Back and Moving Forward (Washington, DC).
16–19 September 2017 (meeting): American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition (Chicago, IL).
24–28 September 2017 (meeting): International Society of Environmental Epidemiology 29th Annual Scientific Conference (Sydney, Australia).
27–29 September 2017 (meeting): Fourth World Congress of Reproductive Biology (Okinawa, Japan).
28–29 September 2017 (meeting): 2017 Native Children’s Research Exchange Conference (Aurora, CO).
12 October 2017 (nationwide activities): Children’s Environmental Health Day (Children’s Environmental Health Network).
12–15 October 2017 (meeting): European Academy of Pediatrics 2017 Congress (Ljubljana, Slovenia).
15–19 October 2017 (meeting): International Society of Exposure Science (ISES) Annual Meeting: Integrating Exposure Science Across Diverse Communities (Research Triangle Park, NC).
22–28 October 2017 (nationwide activities): National Lead Poisoning Prevention Week (National Center for Healthy Housing).
4–8 November 2017 (meeting): American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Expo (Atlanta, GA).
18–19 November 2017 (meeting): 30th Annual Infectious Diseases in Children Symposium (New York, New York).
7–9 December 2017 (meeting): Excellence in Pediatrics, 9th Edition (Vienna, Austria).
EHP is pleased to announce that it is now operating under a continuous publication workflow! As indicated in a previous announcement, continuous publication allows EHP to post new content online throughout the month, as each paper becomes ready for an issue. This gets content out to our readers much more quickly than the old issue-based model, and unlike our previous Advance Publication model, these are final, edited articles. (more…)
EHP is pleased to announce that Prenatal Exposure to Glycol Ethers and Neurocognitive Abilities in 6-Year-Old Children: The PELAGIE Cohort Study, published in EHP on 14 October 2016, has been selected by the Children’s Environmental Health Network (CEHN) as its May 2017 Article of the Month. CEHN Article of the Month summaries discuss the potential policy implications of current children’s environmental health research. The CEHN summary can be viewed here.