Featured Children’s Health Articles
From the EHP Editors
Flame retardants can be found throughout commonly used products such as furniture, cars, mattresses, building materials, and electronic equipment, exposing most people to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). In a systematic review and meta-analysis, Lam et al. reviewed relevant studies and examined developmental exposure to PBDEs in relation to intelligence and attention-related behavior problems. When they combined the results of four similar studies, their overall estimate suggested that prenatal exposure to PBDEs was associated with lower IQ. Although some studies reported associations with ADHD and attention-related behaviors in the children, the authors concluded that, overall, the current evidence is not conclusive.
Juleen Lam, Bruce P. Lanphear, David Bellinger, Daniel A. Axelrad, Jennifer McPartland, Patrice Sutton, Lisette Davidson, Natalyn Daniels, Saunak Sen, and Tracey J. Woodruff
Stephanie M. Engel, Asa Bradman, Mary S. Wolff, Virginia A. Rauh, Kim G. Harley, Jenny H. Yang, Lori A. Hoepner, Dana Boyd Barr, Kimberly Yolton, Michelle G. Vedar, Yingying Xu, Richard W. Hornung, James G. Wetmur, Jia Chen, Nina T. Holland, Frederica P. Perera, Robin M. Whyatt, Bruce P. Lanphear, and Brenda Eskenazi
From the EHP Editors
Engel et al. pooled data from four birth cohorts to assess how exposure to organophosphorus pesticides may affect neurodevelopment at 24 months. Findings from the individual studies differed, possibly because of differences among the study populations in factors such as socioeconomic status and race/ethnicity. The authors cautioned that these differences, combined with differences in the types of exposure and outcome measurements used by each study, make it difficult to interpret estimates for the combined data from all four studies. From the combined data, the authors estimated that a 10-fold increase in prenatal exposure was associated with a 1-point decrease in the Bayley Mental Development Index. However, they noted that the combined estimate should be interpreted with caution given the differences among the studies.
Olwenn V. Martin, Richard M. Evans, Michael Faust, and Andreas Kortenkamp
Valerie Zartarian, Jianping Xue, Rogelio Tornero-Velez, and James Brown
Andres Cardenas, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Lode Godderis, Radu-Corneliu Duca, Ana Navas-Acien, Augusto A. Litonjua, Dawn L. DeMeo, Kasey J. Brennan, Chitra J. Amarasiriwardena, Marie-France Hivert, Matthew W. Gillman, Emily Oken, and Andrea A. Baccarelli
Shaowei Wu, Marie-France Hivert, Andres Cardenas, Jia Zhong, Sheryl L. Rifas-Shiman, Golareh Agha, Elena Colicino, Allan C. Just, Chitra Amarasiriwardena, Xihong Lin, Augusto A. Litonjua, Dawn L. DeMeo, Matthew W. Gillman, Robert O. Wright, Emily Oken, and Andrea A. Baccarelli
Jessica Shoaff, George D. Papandonatos, Antonia M. Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Aimin Chen, Bruce P. Lanphear, Kimberly Yolton, and Joseph M. Braun
Rebecca J. Schmidt, Vladimir Kogan, Janie F. Shelton, Lora Delwiche, Robin L. Hansen, Sally Ozonoff, Claudia C. Ma, Erin C. McCanlies, Deborah H. Bennett, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Daniel J. Tancredi, and Heather E. Volk
Céline Vernet, Isabelle Pin, Lise Giorgis-Allemand, Claire Philippat, Meriem Benmerad, Joane Quentin, Antonia M. Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Valérie Siroux, Rémy Slama, and the EDEN Mother–Child Cohort Study Group
Kristen Lyall, Lisa A. Croen, Lauren A. Weiss, Martin Kharrazi, Michela Traglia, Gerald N. Delorenze, and Gayle C. Windham
Courtney C. Carignan, Lidia Mínguez-Alarcón, Craig M. Butt, Paige L. Williams, John D. Meeker, Heather M. Stapleton, Thomas L. Toth, Jennifer B. Ford, Russ Hauser, for the EARTH Study Team
Rachel Raanan, Robert B. Gunier, John R. Balmes, Alyssa J. Beltran, Kim G. Harley, Asa Bradman, and Brenda Eskenazi
Philippe Grandjean, Carsten Heilmann, Pal Weihe, Flemming Nielsen, Ulla B. Mogensen, and Esben Budtz-Jørgensen
Anna Karakatsani, Evangelia Samoli, Sophia Rodopoulou, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Despina Papakosta, Dionisios Spyratos, Georgios Grivas, Sofia Tasi, Nikolaos Angelis, Athanasios Thirios, Anastasios Tsiotsios, and Klea Katsouyanni
Children’s Health Resources
• Children’s Health Collections (2010–2015): all research, news, and editorials related to exposures, outcomes, and methodologies on children’s environmental health.
• Children’s Health section (NIEHS): the institute’s efforts and research goals in children’s environmental health.
• NIEHS Children's Health Exposure Analysis Resource (CHEAR) provides laboratory and data analysis resources for researchers in children’s health exposures.
• NIEHS Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) will focus on environmental influences on health outcomes and will include more than 35 U.S. cohort studies.
• NIEHS/EPA Children’s Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers: research in all aspects of environmental exposures and outcomes in children.
• Partnerships for Environmental Public Health (PEPH, NIEHS) “a network of scientists, community members, educators, healthcare providers, public health officials, and policymakers who share the goal of increasing the impact of environmental public health research at the local, regional, and national level.”
• Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSUs): a network of physicians throughout 10 U.S. regions specializing in environmental conditions that influence reproductive and children’s health.
• President’s Task Force on the Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children (Executive Order 13045): intended to maintain government policies, standards, and programs to ensure the health and safety of children.
• Protecting Children’s Environmental Health (U.S. EPA): fact sheets, information on policy, health care, and related science, as well as various other web resources.
• U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Children’s Health Protection: regulation, research, and community programs that address environmental threats to children.
• WHO Collaborating Centres for Children's Environmental Health: research centers around the world, including information about targeted exposures, cohort studies, and publications.
• Children’s Environmental Health Institute (CEHI): an alliance of scientists, medical professionals, and advocates whose goal is “to identify, develop and promote solutions to improve children’s environmental health through scientific research, environmental education and public policy.”
• Children’s Environmental Health Network (CEHN): coordinates a variety of stakeholders around multidisciplinary research, education, policy, and public health awareness related to children’s health.
• Collaborative on Health and the Environment (CHE): an international partnership whose mission is to share scientific research, promote collaboration among constituencies, and facilitate actions to improve health.
• Healthy Schools Network: advocates for child-safe standards in school design, construction, siting, product purchasing, and potential exposures.
• International Society for Children’s Health and the Environment (ISCHE): mission is “to synthesize and translate the science of children’s environmental health to physicians, public health officials, policymakers and parents via position papers, technical reports and testimony.”
• National Environmental Education Foundation (NEEF): promotes environmental education and training, with a particular focus on children and other vulnerable populations.
• SafeRoutes (National Center for Safe Routes to School): details on health and safety within the community as children walk to school: effects of income disparities, types of built environments, and infrastructure.
• A Story of Health (UCSF Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit, ATSDR, CHE, OEHHA, SEHN)
• Children at Risk: Gaps in State Lead Screening Policies (Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families)
• Children’s Environmental Health Research Roadmap (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
• Creating Healthier Generations: A Look at the 10 Years of the Federal Safe Routes to School Program (National Center for Safe Routes to School)
• Don’t Pollute My Future: The Impact of the Environment on Children’s Health (World Health Organization)
• E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General (U.S. Public Health Service)
• Federal Research Action Plan on Recycled Tire Crumb Used on Playing Fields and Playgrounds: Status Report (U.S. EPA, CDC/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Consumer Product Safety Commission)
• Global Accelerated Action for the Health of Adolescents (AA-HA!): Guidance to Support Country Implementation (World Health Organization)
• How Close are We to #ZeroHunger? The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)
• Inheriting a Sustainable World? Atlas on Children’s Health and the Environment (World Health Organization)
• Key Federal Programs to Reduce Childhood Lead (President’s Task Force on the Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children)
• Reaching the Every Newborn National 2020 Milestones: Country Progress, Plans and Moving Forward (World Health Organization UNICEF)
• Rebuild Healthy Homes: Guide to Post-disaster Restoration for a Safe and Healthy Home (Department of Housing and Urban Development)
• The Cost of the Double Burden of Malnutrition: Social and Economic Impact (World Food Programme)
• The Neglected Link: Effects of Climate Change and Environmental Degradation on Child Labor (Child Labour Report 2017; Terre des Hommes International Federation)
• The State of the World’s Children 2016 (UNICEF)
• Tobacco-free Generations: Protecting Children from Tobacco in the WHO European Region (World Health Organization)
Search Children’s Health
Events of Interest
24–28 September 2017 (meeting): International Society of Environmental Epidemiology 29th Annual Scientific Conference (Sydney, Australia).
27–29 September 2017 (meeting): Fourth World Congress of Reproductive Biology (Okinawa, Japan).
28–29 September 2017 (meeting): 2017 Native Children’s Research Exchange Conference (Aurora, CO).
12–15 October 2017 (meeting): European Academy of Pediatrics 2017 Congress (Ljubljana, Slovenia).
15–19 October 2017 (meeting): International Society of Exposure Science (ISES) Annual Meeting: Integrating Exposure Science Across Diverse Communities (Research Triangle Park, NC).
18–21 October 2017 (meeting): North American Association for Environmental Education 46th Annual Conference (San Juan, Puerto Rico).
30 October 2017 (webinar): Healthy Schools / Healthy Daycares (Partnerships for Environmental Public Health, NIEHS)
4–8 November 2017 (meeting): American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Expo (Atlanta, GA).
14–16 November 2017 (meeting): International Conference of the Public Health Foundation of India and the Pacific Basin Consortium (New Delhi, India).
15–17 November 2017 (meeting): National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) Annual Conference (Atlanta, GA).
18–19 November 2017 (meeting): 30th Annual Infectious Diseases in Children Symposium (New York, New York).
7–9 December 2017 (meeting): Excellence in Pediatrics, 9th Edition (Vienna, Austria).
EHP is pleased to announce that “Prenatal Fluoride Exposure and Cognitive Outcomes in Children at 4 and 6–12 Years of Age in Mexico,” published in EHP on 19 September 2017, has been selected by the Children’s Environmental Health Network (CEHN) as its December 2017 Article of the Month. (more…)
EHP has revised the descriptions of the manuscript types it accepts for potential publication. Please consult the updated Instructions to Authors before submitting a new manuscript to EHP.