Featured Children’s Health Articles
From the EHP Editors
Phenols are used in everyday products. These compounds, which have short half-lives, can be endocrine disruptors, with fetal exposures being a particular concern. But urinary concentrations of phenols during pregnancy must be measured accurately to get a clear description of the exposure. Vernet et al. devised a sampling strategy to assess variability within one day, between days, and between weeks of 10 phenol biomarkers. Given that random spot urine sampling may produce misclassification of exposures, this sampling design should create a more reliable estimate of exposures throughout a pregnancy.
Céline Vernet, Claire Philippat, Antonia M. Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Valérie Siroux, Enrique F. Schisterman, and Rémy Slama
Amy E. Kalkbrenner, Gayle C. Windham, Cheng Zheng, Rob McConnell, Nora L. Lee, James J. Schauer, Brian Thayer, Juhi Pandey, and Heather E. Volk
From the EHP Editors
Exposures to metals and other environmental chemicals in ambient air have been associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in previous research. In a large cohort of multiplex families (those with two or more siblings who have an ASD diagnosis), Kalkbrenner et al. analyzed data on 155 air pollutants obtained from the U.S. EPA’s National-scale Air Toxics Assessment (NATA). They compared NATA data for selected years against the year closest to each child’s birth and identified both positive and negative associations between certain toxics and ASD diagnosis. Because ASD etiology has an environmental component, identifying relevant air toxic exposures could be a step toward reducing the severity of some autism symptoms.
Raanan Raz, Andrea L. Roberts, Kristen Lyall, Jaime E. Hart, Allan C. Just, Francine Laden, and Marc G. Weisskopf
Andrea L. Roberts, Kristen Lyall, Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden, Allan C. Just, Jennifer F. Bobb, Karestan C. Koenen, Alberto Ascherio, and Marc G. Weisskopf
Tong Gong, Christina Dalman, Susanne Wicks, Henrik Dal, Cecilia Magnusson, Cecilia Lundholm, Catarina Almqvist, and Göran Pershagen
Tracy Ann Becerra, Michelle Wilhelm, Jørn Olsen, Myles Cockburn, and Beate Ritz
Heather E. Volk, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Lora Delwiche, Fred Lurmann and Rob McConnell
Mònica Guxens, Akhgar Ghassabian, Tong Gong, Raquel Garcia-Esteban, Daniela Porta, Lise Giorgis-Allemand, Catarina Almqvist, Aritz Aranbarri, Rob Beelen, Chiara Badaloni, Giulia Cesaroni, Audrey de Nazelle, Marisa Estarlich, Francesco Forastiere, Joan Forns, Ulrike Gehring, Jesús Ibarluzea, Vincent W.V. Jaddoe, Michal Korek, Paul Lichtenstein, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Marisa Rebagliato, Rémy Slama, Henning Tiemeier, Frank C. Verhulst, Heather E. Volk, Göran Pershagen, Bert Brunekreef, and Jordi Sunyer
Children’s Health Resources
• Children’s Health Collections (2010–2015): all research, news, and editorials related to exposures, outcomes, and methodologies on children’s environmental health.
• Children’s Health section (NIEHS): the institute’s efforts and research goals in children’s environmental health.
• Instituting Smoke-Free Public Housing (regulation)
• NIEHS Children's Health Exposure Analysis Resource (CHEAR) provides laboratory and data analysis resources for researchers in children’s health exposures.
• NIEHS Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) will focus on environmental influences on health outcomes and will include more than 35 U.S. cohort studies.
• NIEHS/EPA Children’s Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers: research in all aspects of environmental exposures and outcomes in children.
• Partnerships for Environmental Public Health (PEPH, NIEHS) “a network of scientists, community members, educators, healthcare providers, public health officials, and policymakers who share the goal of increasing the impact of environmental public health research at the local, regional, and national level.”
• Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units (PEHSUs): a network of physicians throughout 10 U.S. regions specializing in environmental conditions that influence reproductive and children’s health.
• President’s Task Force on the Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children (Executive Order 13045): intended to maintain government policies, standards, and programs to ensure the health and safety of children.
• Protecting Children’s Environmental Health (U.S. EPA): fact sheets, information on policy, health care, and related science, as well as various other web resources.
• Requirements for Notification, Evaluation and Reduction of Lead-Based Paint Hazards in Federally Owned Residential Property and Housing Receiving Federal Assistance; Response to Elevated Blood Lead Levels (regulation)
• U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Office of Children’s Health Protection: regulation, research, and community programs that address environmental threats to children.
• U.S. Environmental Protection Agency: Lead contains information about lead regulations, testing for lead levels, health effects, at-risk populations, and more.
• WHO Collaborating Centres for Children's Environmental Health: research centers around the world, including information about targeted exposures, cohort studies, and publications.
• Children’s Environmental Health Institute (CEHI): an alliance of scientists, medical professionals, and advocates whose goal is “to identify, develop and promote solutions to improve children’s environmental health through scientific research, environmental education and public policy.”
• Children’s Environmental Health Network (CEHN): coordinates a variety of stakeholders around multidisciplinary research, education, policy, and public health awareness related to children’s health.
• Collaborative on Health and the Environment (CHE): an international partnership whose mission is to share scientific research, promote collaboration among constituencies, and facilitate actions to improve health.
• Healthy Schools Network: advocates for child-safe standards in school design, construction, siting, product purchasing, and potential exposures.
• International Network on Children’s Health, Environment and Safety (INCHES): an international organization that addresses environmental exposures and health outcomes in children as well as related policies.
• International Society for Children’s Health and the Environment (ISCHE): mission is “to synthesize and translate the science of children’s environmental health to physicians, public health officials, policymakers and parents via position papers, technical reports and testimony.”
• National Environmental Education Foundation (NEEF): promotes environmental education and training, with a particular focus on children and other vulnerable populations.
• Project TENDR: Targeting Environmental Neuro-Developmental Risks: scientists, health professionals, and advocates collaborate to investigate links between environmental toxicants and autism spectrum disorders, learning disorders, and other neurodevelopmental problems.
• SafeRoutes (National Center for Safe Routes to School): details on health and safety within the community as children walk to school: effects of income disparities, types of built environments, and infrastructure.
• A Story of Health (UCSF Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit, ATSDR, CHE, OEHHA, SEHN)
• America's Children and the Environment, 3rd Edition (U.S. EPA)
• Assessing and Managing Children at Primary Health-care Facilities to Prevent Overweight and Obesity in the Context of the Double Burden of Malnutrition: Updates for the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) (World Health Organization)
• Change Is in the Air: An Action Guide for Establishing Smoke-Free Public Housing and Multifamily Properties (U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development)
• Childhood Development, Resilience and the Environment (Western States PEHSU)
• Children’s Environmental Health Day: CEH Day Proclamation Advocacy Toolkit (Children's Environmental Health Network)
• Children at Risk: Gaps in State Lead Screening Policies (Safer Chemicals, Healthy Families)
• Children’s Environmental Health Indicators: A Summary & Assessment (Children’s Environmental Health Network)
• Children’s Environmental Health Research Roadmap (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)
• Creating Healthier Generations: A Look at the 10 Years of the Federal Safe Routes to School Program (National Center for Safe Routes to School)
• Don’t Pollute My Future: The Impact of the Environment on Children’s Health (World Health Organization)
• E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults: A Report of the Surgeon General (U.S. Public Health Service)
• Eliminating Lead Risks in Schools and Child Care Facilities: A United and Urgent Call to Action for Children (Children’s Environmental Health Network, Healthy Schools Network, Learning Disabilities Association)
• Engaging Diverse Partners: Strategies to Address Environmental Public Health: Meeting Report (Partnerships for Environmental Public Health, NIEHS)
• Federal Research Action Plan on Recycled Tire Crumb Used on Playing Fields and Playgrounds: Status Report (U.S. EPA, CDC/Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Consumer Product Safety Commission)
• Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, Vol 1 and Vol 2 (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
• Global Accelerated Action for the Health of Adolescents (AA-HA!): Guidance to Support Country Implementation (World Health Organization)
• Health Effects of Low-Level Lead (National Toxicology Program)
• How Close are We to #ZeroHunger? The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)
• Inheriting a Sustainable World? Atlas on Children’s Health and the Environment (World Health Organization)
• Keeping the Vector Out: Housing Improvements for Vector Control and Sustainable Development (World Health Organization)
• Key Federal Programs to Reduce Childhood Lead (President’s Task Force on the Environmental Health Risks and Safety Risks to Children)
• Nutrition in the WHO African Region (World Health Organization)
• PCBs in Schools (Western States PEHSU)
• Pediatric Environmental Health Toolkit (PEHT) mobile application (Western States PEHSU)
• Reaching the Every Newborn National 2020 Milestones: Country Progress, Plans and Moving Forward (World Health Organization UNICEF)
• Rebuild Healthy Homes: Guide to Post-disaster Restoration for a Safe and Healthy Home (Department of Housing and Urban Development)
• Recycling Used Lead-Acid Batteries: Health Considerations (World Health Organization)
• The Cost of the Double Burden of Malnutrition: Social and Economic Impact (World Food Programme)
• The Neglected Link: Effects of Climate Change and Environmental Degradation on Child Labor (Child Labour Report 2017; Terre des Hommes International Federation)
• The State of Food Security and Nutrition in Europe and Central Asia (Food and Agriculture Organization/United Nations)
• The State of the World’s Children 2016 (UNICEF)
• Tobacco-free Generations: Protecting Children from Tobacco in the WHO European Region (World Health Organization)
• Towards Healthy Schools: Reducing Risks to Children (Healthy Schools Network) (Healthy Schools Network)
Search Children’s Health
Events of Interest
1–30 April 2018: Learning & Care Settings and Children's Health (Children’s Environmental Health Network)
23–24 April 2018 (meeting): Childhood Cancer Action Days (Washington, DC)
24 April 2018 (teleconference): Arsenic in Foods (Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Unit program, Environmental Health ECHO)
10 May 2018 (meeting): Creating Healthy Communities: Get the Lead Out (Pittsburgh, PA)
24–25 May 2018 (meeting): ICEHR 2018: 20th International Conference on Environmental Health and Remediation (Prague, Czechoslovakia)
27–30 May 2018 (meeting): PPTOX VI Conference (Tórshavn, Faroe Islands)
27–29 June 2018 (meeting): International Network on Children’s Health, Environment and Safety (INCHES) Conference (Seoul, Korea)
26–30 August 2018 (meeting): ISES-ISEE 2018 Joint Annual Meeting (Ottawa, Ontario, Canada)
11 October 2018: Children’s Environmental Health Day (Children’s Environmental Health Network).
10–14 November 2018 (meeting): American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Expo (San Diego, CA).
17–18 November 2018 (meeting): Thirty-First Annual Infectious Diseases in Children Symposium (New York, NY)