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Abstracts
24 September 2018
ISES-ISEE 2018 Joint Annual Meeting: Addressing Complex Local and Global Issues in Environmental Exposure and Health

Urban and Transport Planning Related Exposures and Mortality: A Health Impact Assessment Study for Bradford, UK

Publication: ISEE Conference Abstracts
Volume 2018, Issue 1

Abstract

Introduction: By 2050, almost 70% of people globally are projected to live in cities. As the environments we inhabit affect our health, urban and transport designs that promote healthy living are needed. We estimated the number of preventable premature deaths under compliance with international exposure recommendations for physical activity (PA), air pollution, noise, and access to green spaces in Bradford, UK.Methods: We applied the Urban and TranspOrt Planning Health Impact Assessment (UTOPHIA) tool to Bradford. Exposure data of PA, air pollution, noise, and access to green spaces were available for 393,091 Bradford residents ≥18 years at the Lower Super Output Area (LSOA; N=310) level. We compared recommended with current exposure levels. We quantified the associations between exposures and mortality and calculated population attributable fractions to estimate the number of preventable premature deaths. We also modeled changes in life expectancy and economic impacts.Results: Annually 376 premature deaths (95% CI: 277-475) were estimated to be preventable under compliance with exposure levels for PA, air pollution, noise, and access to green spaces. The biggest share in preventable deaths was attributable to increases in PA (327 deaths; 95% CI: 245-441), followed by reductions in air pollution and noise and increases in access to green spaces. Compliance was estimated to increase average life expectancy by 349 days (95% CI: 210-495) and result in economic savings of almost £ 60,000 per person (95% CI: 36,028-85,087). Residents of LSOAs which are classified as more deprived and more ethnically diverse were estimated to be more adversely exposed and to die more prematurely.Conclusions: Results of HIAs of urban and transport planning related performance are important for cities (1) to identify local health hazards, (2) to better understand the associated health burden and its distribution among the population, and (3) to formulate targeted mitigation strategies.

Information & Authors

Information

Published In

ISEE Conference Abstracts
Volume 2018Issue 124 September 2018

History

Published online: 24 September 2018

Keywords

  1. Health Impact Assessment and Participatory Epidemiology
  2. Risk Assessment
  3. Knowledge Transfer and Exchange (KTE)

Authors

Affiliations

Rosemary R.C. McEachan
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain, [email protected]
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain, [email protected]
Texas A&M Transportation Institute, College Station, Texas, United States, [email protected]
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain, [email protected]
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain, [email protected]
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain, [email protected]
Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford, United Kingdom, [email protected]
Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford, United Kingdom, [email protected]
Bradford Institute for Health Research, Bradford, United Kingdom, [email protected]
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain, [email protected]

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Cited by

  • Who shouts the loudest? A qualitative study exploring barriers and enablers to implementing a low emission zone in a Northern UK city, Transportation Research Interdisciplinary Perspectives, 10.1016/j.trip.2024.101112, 25, (101112), (2024).

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