Reviews Advance Publication
Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP483
Advancing Alternative Analysis: Integration of Decision Science
PDF Version (916 KB)
Background: Decision analysis—a systematic approach to solving complex problems—offers tools and frameworks to support decision making that are increasingly being applied to environmental challenges. Alternatives analysis is a method used in regulation and product design to identify, compare, and evaluate the safety and viability of potential substitutes for hazardous chemicals.
Objectives: Assess whether decision science may assist the alternatives analysis decision maker in comparing alternatives across a range of metrics.
Methods: A workshop was convened that included representatives from government, academia, business, and civil society and included experts in toxicology, decision science, alternatives assessment, engineering, and law and policy. Participants were divided into two groups and prompted with targeted questions. Throughout the workshop, the groups periodically came together in plenary sessions to reflect on other groups’ findings
Discussion: We conclude the further incorporation of decision science into alternatives analysis would advance the ability of companies and regulators to select alternatives to harmful ingredients, and would also advance the science of decision analysis.
Conclusions: We advance four recommendations: (1) engaging the systematic development and evaluation of decision approaches and tools; (2) using case studies to advance the integration of decision analysis into alternatives analysis; (3) supporting transdisciplinary research; and (4) supporting education and outreach efforts.
This EHP Advance Publication article has been peer-reviewed, revised, and accepted for publication. EHP Advance Publication articles are completely citable using the DOI number assigned to the article. This document will be replaced with the copyedited and formatted version as soon as it is available. Through the DOI number used in the citation, you will be able to access this document at each stage of the publication process.
Citation: Malloy TF, Zaunbrecher VM, Batteate C, Blake A, Carroll WF Jr., Corbett CJ, Hansen SF, Lempert R, Linkov I, McFadden R, Moran KD, Olivetti E, Ostrom N, Romero M, Schoenung J, Seager T, Sinsheimer P, Thayer K. Advancing Alternative Analysis: Integration of Decision Science. Environ Health Perspect; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP483
Received: 16 December 2015
Revised: 19 September 2016
Accepted: 19 September 2016
Published: 28 October 2016
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