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Environmental Health Perspectives

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July 2009 | Volume 117 | Issue 7

News


Focus

 

July 2009 CoverClimate Change Abatement Strategies Which Way is the Wind Blowing?

David C. Holzman
A296–A304 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a296

The potential human health effects of global climate disruption have been widely discussed, as have steps to abate the greenhouse gas emissions that would cause these effects. Historically, regulatory efforts aimed at reducing fossil fuel use have illustrated the need for market forces to get the job done, and almost everyone who is concerned about climate change mitigation favors putting a price on greenhouse gas emissions. The Focus article explores what strategy will yield the most mitigation bang for the investment buck.

Forum

 

Climate Change and the Arctic Diet

Erika Engelhaupt
A292–A292 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a292

 

Challenges of Predicting Wildfire Activity

Carol Potera
A293–A293 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a293

 

Arsenic Spike from Ike

Naomi Lubick
A294–A294 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a294a

 

The Beat

Erin E. Dooley
A294–A295 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a294b

 

Double Exposure Heightens Parkinson Disease Risk

Cynthia Washam
A295–A295 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a295

Spheres of Influence

 

July 2009 SpheresBeyond Mitigation: Planning for Climate Change Adaptation

Charles W. Schmidt
A306–A309 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a306

Much of the scientific debate about climate change has revolved around the extent to which human activity is exacerbating naturally occurring global warming. Policy negotiations have therefore centered around mitigation strategies—specifically, whether greenhouse gas emissions must be curbed and, if so, to what extent. But the reality is sinking in that widespread region-specific climate change—whether anthropogenic, naturally occurring, or both—is happening now. The Spheres of Influence article (p. A306) describes how mitigation has begun sharing the global policy stage with a new challenge: adaptation to climate change that is already under way.

 

Science Selections

 

Smoking Gain?: Secondhand Smoke Exposure Influences Body Weight, Lipid Profiles in Offspring

Victoria McGovern
A310–A310 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a310a

 

Mother Load: Arsenic May Contribute to Gestational Diabetes

Julia R. Barrett
A310–A310 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a310b

 

A Lucrative Investment: Controlling Lead Paint Yields Big Dividends

 

Rainy Day Reaction: Human West Nile Viruses Cases Respond to Weather Patterns

Bob Weinhold
A311–A311 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a311b

 

Commentary


 

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Risk Assessment on Lead in Women’s and Children’s Vitamins Is Based on Outdated Assumptions

Amir Miodovnik, Philip J. Landrigan
1021–1022 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900573

Reviews


 

Sustainable Control of Water-Related Infectious Diseases: A Review and Proposal for Interdisciplinary Health-Based Systems Research

Stuart Batterman, Joseph Eisenberg, Rebecca Hardin, Margaret E. Kruk, Maria Carmen Lemos, Anna M. Michalak, Bhramar Mukherjee, Elisha Renne, Howard Stein, Cristy Watkins, Mark L. Wilson
1023–1032 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800423

 

Thyroid-Disrupting Chemicals: Interpreting Upstream Biomarkers of Adverse Outcomes

Mark D. Miller, Kevin M. Crofton, Deborah C. Rice, R. Thomas Zoeller
1033–1041 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800247

Research


 

Prenatal Exposure to Cigarette Smoke Induces Diet- and Sex-Dependent Dyslipidemia and Weight Gain in Adult Murine Offspring

Sheung P. Ng, Daniel J. Conklin, Aruni Bhatnagar, Duane D. Bolanowski, Jessica Lyon, Judith T. Zelikoff
1042–1048 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800193

 

Infectious Disease in a Warming World: How Weather Influenced West Nile Virus in the United States (2001–2005)

Jonathan E. Soverow, Gregory A. Wellenius, David N. Fisman, Murray A. Mittleman
1049–1052 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800487

 

Low Doses of Bisphenol A Promote Human Seminoma Cell Proliferation by Activating PKA and PKG via a Membrane G-Protein–Coupled Estrogen Receptor

Adil Bouskine, Marielle Nebout, Françoise Brücker-Davis, Mohamed Benahmed, Patrick Fenichel
1053–1058 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800367

 

Maternal Arsenic Exposure and Impaired Glucose Tolerance during Pregnancy

Adrienne S. Ettinger, Ami R. Zota, Chitra J. Amarasiriwardena, Marianne R. Hopkins, Joel Schwartz, Howard Hu, Robert O. Wright
1059–1064 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800533

 

Exposure to Traffic Pollution and Increased Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden, Robin C. Puett, Karen H. Costenbader, Elizabeth W. Karlson
1065–1069 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800503

 

Endometriosis and Organochlorinated Environmental Pollutants: A Case–Control Study on Italian Women of Reproductive Age

Maria Grazia Porpora, Emanuela Medda, Annalisa Abballe, Simone Bolli, Isabella De Angelis, Alessandro di Domenico, Annamaria Ferro, Anna Maria Ingelido, Antonella Maggi, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Elena De Felip
1070–1075 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800273

 

Organochlorine Exposure and Incidence of Diabetes in a Cohort of Great Lakes Sport Fish Consumers

Mary Turyk, Henry Anderson, Lynda Knobeloch, Pamela Imm, Victoria Persky
1076–1082 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800281

 

Predictors of PFOA Levels in a Community Surrounding a Chemical Plant

Kyle Steenland, Chuangfang Jin, Jessica MacNeil, Cathy Lally, Alan Ducatman, Veronica Vieira, Tony Fletcher
1083–1088 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800294

 

Exposure to Concentrated Coarse Air Pollution Particles Causes Mild Cardiopulmonary Effects in Healthy Young Adults

Donald W. Graff, Wayne E. Cascio, Ana Rappold, Haibo Zhou, Yuh-Chin T. Huang, Robert B. Devlin
1089–1094 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900558

 

Exposure and Effect Assessment of Aerosolized Red Tide Toxins (Brevetoxins) and Asthma

Lora E. Fleming, Judy A. Bean, Barbara Kirkpatrick, Yung Sung Cheng, Richard Pierce, Jerome Naar, Kate Nierenberg, Lorraine C. Backer, Adam Wanner, Andrew Reich, Yue Zhou, Sharon Watkins, Mike Henry, Julia Zaias, William M. Abraham, Janet Benson, Amy Cassedy, Julie Hollenbeck, Gary Kirkpatrick, Tainya Clarke, Daniel G Baden
1095–1100 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900673

 

Developmental Exposure to PCBs, MeHg, or Both: Long-Term Effects on Auditory Function

Brian E. Powers, Emily Poon, Helen J.K. Sable, Susan L. Schantz
1101–1107 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800428

 

Chronic Exposure to Arsenic in the Drinking Water Alters the Expression of Immune Response Genes in Mouse Lung

Courtney D. Kozul, Thomas H. Hampton, Jennifer C. Davey, Julie A. Gosse, Athena P. Nomikos, Phillip L. Eisenhauer, Daniel J. Weiss, Jessica E. Thorpe, Michael A. Ihnat, Joshua W. Hamilton
1108–1115 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800199

 

The Adjuvant Effect of Ambient Particulate Matter Is Closely Reflected by the Particulate Oxidant Potential

Ning Li, Meiying Wang, Lori A. Bramble, Debra A. Schmitz, James J. Schauer, Constantinos Sioutas, Jack R. Harkema, Andre E. Nel
1116–1123 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800319

 

Distinct Contributions of JNK and p38 to Chromium Cytotoxicity and Inhibition of Murine Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation

Liang Chen, Jerald L. Ovesen, Alvaro Puga, Ying Xia
1124–1130 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800157

 

Human Neurospheres as Three-Dimensional Cellular Systems for Developmental Neurotoxicity Testing

Michaela Moors, Thomas Dino Rockel, Josef Abel, Jason E. Cline, Kathrin Gassmann, Timm Schreiber, Janette Schuwald, Nicole Weinmann, Ellen Fritsche
1131–1138 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800207

 

Genomewide Analysis of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Binding Targets Reveals an Extensive Array of Gene Clusters that Control Morphogenetic and Developmental Programs

Maureen A. Sartor, Michael Schnekenburger, Jennifer L. Marlowe, John F. Reichard, Ying Wang, Yunxia Fan, Ci Ma, Saikumar Karyala, Danielle Halbleib, Xiangdong Liu, Mario Medvedovic, Alvaro Puga
1139–1146 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800485

 

Toward the Assessment of Scientific and Public Health Impacts of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Extramural Asthma Research Program Using Available Data

Edward Liebow, Jerry Phelps, Bennett Van Houten, Shyanika Rose, Carlyn Orians, Jennifer Cohen, Philip Monroe, Christina H. Drew
1147–1154 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800476

 

Diarylheptanoid Phytoestrogens Isolated from the Medicinal Plant Curcuma comosa: Biologic Actions in Vitro and in Vivo Indicate Estrogen Receptor–Dependent Mechanisms

Wipawee Winuthayanon, Pawinee Piyachaturawat, Apichart Suksamrarn, Mathurose Ponglikitmongkol, Yukitomo Arao, Sylvia C. Hewitt, Kenneth S. Korach
1155–1161 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900613

Children’s Health

 

Childhood Lead Poisoning: Conservative Estimates of the Social and Economic Benefits of Lead Hazard Control

Elise Gould
1162–1167 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800408

 

Symptoms and Medication Use in Children with Asthma and Traffic-Related Sources of Fine Particle Pollution

Janneane F. Gent, Petros Koutrakis, Kathleen Belanger, Elizabeth Triche, Theodore R. Holford, Michael B. Bracken, Brian P. Leaderer
1168–1174 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800335

 

Maternal Exposure to a Brominated Flame Retardant and Genitourinary Conditions in Male Offspring

Chanley M. Small, John J. DeCaro, Metrecia L. Terrell, Celia Dominguez, Lorraine L. Cameron, Julie Wirth, Michele Marcus
1175–1179 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0800058

 

Perspectives


Editorials

 

The Future of Toxicity Testing for Environmental Contaminants

Melissa G. Kramer, Michael Firestone, Robert Kavlock, Harold Zenick
A283–A283 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.12891

 

Editorial Independence for EHP

Linda S. Birnbaum, Hugh A. Tilson
A282–A282 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.12927

Correspondence

 

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Blood Lead Levels in Chinese Children

Jack Brondum
A286–A286 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900850

 

Cancer Risk and GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphisms

Francesco Cetta, Armand Dhamo, Laura Moltoni, Rosalia Zangari
A286–A287 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900829

 

Cancer Risk and GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphisms: Hansteen et al. Respond

Inger-Lise Hansteen, Anna Maria Rossi, Roberto Barale, Lisbeth E. Knudsen, Hannu Norppa, Stefano Bonassi
A287–A288 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900829R

 

Modern Environmental Health Hazards in Africa: Additional Comments

José G. Dórea
A288–A289 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900669

Book Review

 

Book Reviews: Resilient, Green… and Healthy

Howard Frumkin
A318–A318 | http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.117-a318
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