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Environmental Health Perspectives

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July 2009 | Volume 117 | Issue 7




July 2009 CoverClimate Change Abatement Strategies Which Way is the Wind Blowing?

David C. Holzman
A296–A304 |

The potential human health effects of global climate disruption have been widely discussed, as have steps to abate the greenhouse gas emissions that would cause these effects. Historically, regulatory efforts aimed at reducing fossil fuel use have illustrated the need for market forces to get the job done, and almost everyone who is concerned about climate change mitigation favors putting a price on greenhouse gas emissions. The Focus article explores what strategy will yield the most mitigation bang for the investment buck.



Climate Change and the Arctic Diet

Erika Engelhaupt
A292–A292 |


Challenges of Predicting Wildfire Activity

Carol Potera
A293–A293 |


Arsenic Spike from Ike

Naomi Lubick
A294–A294 |


The Beat

Erin E. Dooley
A294–A295 |


Double Exposure Heightens Parkinson Disease Risk

Cynthia Washam
A295–A295 |

Spheres of Influence


July 2009 SpheresBeyond Mitigation: Planning for Climate Change Adaptation

Charles W. Schmidt
A306–A309 |

Much of the scientific debate about climate change has revolved around the extent to which human activity is exacerbating naturally occurring global warming. Policy negotiations have therefore centered around mitigation strategies—specifically, whether greenhouse gas emissions must be curbed and, if so, to what extent. But the reality is sinking in that widespread region-specific climate change—whether anthropogenic, naturally occurring, or both—is happening now. The Spheres of Influence article (p. A306) describes how mitigation has begun sharing the global policy stage with a new challenge: adaptation to climate change that is already under way.


Science Selections


Smoking Gain?: Secondhand Smoke Exposure Influences Body Weight, Lipid Profiles in Offspring

Victoria McGovern
A310–A310 |


Mother Load: Arsenic May Contribute to Gestational Diabetes

Julia R. Barrett
A310–A310 |


A Lucrative Investment: Controlling Lead Paint Yields Big Dividends


Rainy Day Reaction: Human West Nile Viruses Cases Respond to Weather Patterns

Bob Weinhold
A311–A311 |




The U.S. Food and Drug Administration Risk Assessment on Lead in Women’s and Children’s Vitamins Is Based on Outdated Assumptions

Amir Miodovnik, Philip J. Landrigan
1021–1022 |



Sustainable Control of Water-Related Infectious Diseases: A Review and Proposal for Interdisciplinary Health-Based Systems Research

Stuart Batterman, Joseph Eisenberg, Rebecca Hardin, Margaret E. Kruk, Maria Carmen Lemos, Anna M. Michalak, Bhramar Mukherjee, Elisha Renne, Howard Stein, Cristy Watkins, Mark L. Wilson
1023–1032 |


Thyroid-Disrupting Chemicals: Interpreting Upstream Biomarkers of Adverse Outcomes

Mark D. Miller, Kevin M. Crofton, Deborah C. Rice, R. Thomas Zoeller
1033–1041 |



Prenatal Exposure to Cigarette Smoke Induces Diet- and Sex-Dependent Dyslipidemia and Weight Gain in Adult Murine Offspring

Sheung P. Ng, Daniel J. Conklin, Aruni Bhatnagar, Duane D. Bolanowski, Jessica Lyon, Judith T. Zelikoff
1042–1048 |


Infectious Disease in a Warming World: How Weather Influenced West Nile Virus in the United States (2001–2005)

Jonathan E. Soverow, Gregory A. Wellenius, David N. Fisman, Murray A. Mittleman
1049–1052 |


Low Doses of Bisphenol A Promote Human Seminoma Cell Proliferation by Activating PKA and PKG via a Membrane G-Protein–Coupled Estrogen Receptor

Adil Bouskine, Marielle Nebout, Françoise Brücker-Davis, Mohamed Benahmed, Patrick Fenichel
1053–1058 |


Maternal Arsenic Exposure and Impaired Glucose Tolerance during Pregnancy

Adrienne S. Ettinger, Ami R. Zota, Chitra J. Amarasiriwardena, Marianne R. Hopkins, Joel Schwartz, Howard Hu, Robert O. Wright
1059–1064 |


Exposure to Traffic Pollution and Increased Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Jaime E. Hart, Francine Laden, Robin C. Puett, Karen H. Costenbader, Elizabeth W. Karlson
1065–1069 |


Endometriosis and Organochlorinated Environmental Pollutants: A Case–Control Study on Italian Women of Reproductive Age

Maria Grazia Porpora, Emanuela Medda, Annalisa Abballe, Simone Bolli, Isabella De Angelis, Alessandro di Domenico, Annamaria Ferro, Anna Maria Ingelido, Antonella Maggi, Pierluigi Benedetti Panici, Elena De Felip
1070–1075 |


Organochlorine Exposure and Incidence of Diabetes in a Cohort of Great Lakes Sport Fish Consumers

Mary Turyk, Henry Anderson, Lynda Knobeloch, Pamela Imm, Victoria Persky
1076–1082 |


Predictors of PFOA Levels in a Community Surrounding a Chemical Plant

Kyle Steenland, Chuangfang Jin, Jessica MacNeil, Cathy Lally, Alan Ducatman, Veronica Vieira, Tony Fletcher
1083–1088 |


Exposure to Concentrated Coarse Air Pollution Particles Causes Mild Cardiopulmonary Effects in Healthy Young Adults

Donald W. Graff, Wayne E. Cascio, Ana Rappold, Haibo Zhou, Yuh-Chin T. Huang, Robert B. Devlin
1089–1094 |


Exposure and Effect Assessment of Aerosolized Red Tide Toxins (Brevetoxins) and Asthma

Lora E. Fleming, Judy A. Bean, Barbara Kirkpatrick, Yung Sung Cheng, Richard Pierce, Jerome Naar, Kate Nierenberg, Lorraine C. Backer, Adam Wanner, Andrew Reich, Yue Zhou, Sharon Watkins, Mike Henry, Julia Zaias, William M. Abraham, Janet Benson, Amy Cassedy, Julie Hollenbeck, Gary Kirkpatrick, Tainya Clarke, Daniel G Baden
1095–1100 |


Developmental Exposure to PCBs, MeHg, or Both: Long-Term Effects on Auditory Function

Brian E. Powers, Emily Poon, Helen J.K. Sable, Susan L. Schantz
1101–1107 |


Chronic Exposure to Arsenic in the Drinking Water Alters the Expression of Immune Response Genes in Mouse Lung

Courtney D. Kozul, Thomas H. Hampton, Jennifer C. Davey, Julie A. Gosse, Athena P. Nomikos, Phillip L. Eisenhauer, Daniel J. Weiss, Jessica E. Thorpe, Michael A. Ihnat, Joshua W. Hamilton
1108–1115 |


The Adjuvant Effect of Ambient Particulate Matter Is Closely Reflected by the Particulate Oxidant Potential

Ning Li, Meiying Wang, Lori A. Bramble, Debra A. Schmitz, James J. Schauer, Constantinos Sioutas, Jack R. Harkema, Andre E. Nel
1116–1123 |


Distinct Contributions of JNK and p38 to Chromium Cytotoxicity and Inhibition of Murine Embryonic Stem Cell Differentiation

Liang Chen, Jerald L. Ovesen, Alvaro Puga, Ying Xia
1124–1130 |


Human Neurospheres as Three-Dimensional Cellular Systems for Developmental Neurotoxicity Testing

Michaela Moors, Thomas Dino Rockel, Josef Abel, Jason E. Cline, Kathrin Gassmann, Timm Schreiber, Janette Schuwald, Nicole Weinmann, Ellen Fritsche
1131–1138 |


Genomewide Analysis of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Binding Targets Reveals an Extensive Array of Gene Clusters that Control Morphogenetic and Developmental Programs

Maureen A. Sartor, Michael Schnekenburger, Jennifer L. Marlowe, John F. Reichard, Ying Wang, Yunxia Fan, Ci Ma, Saikumar Karyala, Danielle Halbleib, Xiangdong Liu, Mario Medvedovic, Alvaro Puga
1139–1146 |


Toward the Assessment of Scientific and Public Health Impacts of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Extramural Asthma Research Program Using Available Data

Edward Liebow, Jerry Phelps, Bennett Van Houten, Shyanika Rose, Carlyn Orians, Jennifer Cohen, Philip Monroe, Christina H. Drew
1147–1154 |


Diarylheptanoid Phytoestrogens Isolated from the Medicinal Plant Curcuma comosa: Biologic Actions in Vitro and in Vivo Indicate Estrogen Receptor–Dependent Mechanisms

Wipawee Winuthayanon, Pawinee Piyachaturawat, Apichart Suksamrarn, Mathurose Ponglikitmongkol, Yukitomo Arao, Sylvia C. Hewitt, Kenneth S. Korach
1155–1161 |

Children’s Health


Childhood Lead Poisoning: Conservative Estimates of the Social and Economic Benefits of Lead Hazard Control

Elise Gould
1162–1167 |


Symptoms and Medication Use in Children with Asthma and Traffic-Related Sources of Fine Particle Pollution

Janneane F. Gent, Petros Koutrakis, Kathleen Belanger, Elizabeth Triche, Theodore R. Holford, Michael B. Bracken, Brian P. Leaderer
1168–1174 |


Maternal Exposure to a Brominated Flame Retardant and Genitourinary Conditions in Male Offspring

Chanley M. Small, John J. DeCaro, Metrecia L. Terrell, Celia Dominguez, Lorraine L. Cameron, Julie Wirth, Michele Marcus
1175–1179 |





The Future of Toxicity Testing for Environmental Contaminants

Melissa G. Kramer, Michael Firestone, Robert Kavlock, Harold Zenick
A283–A283 |


Editorial Independence for EHP

Linda S. Birnbaum, Hugh A. Tilson
A282–A282 |



Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Blood Lead Levels in Chinese Children

Jack Brondum
A286–A286 |


Cancer Risk and GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphisms

Francesco Cetta, Armand Dhamo, Laura Moltoni, Rosalia Zangari
A286–A287 |


Cancer Risk and GSTM1 and GSTT1 Polymorphisms: Hansteen et al. Respond

Inger-Lise Hansteen, Anna Maria Rossi, Roberto Barale, Lisbeth E. Knudsen, Hannu Norppa, Stefano Bonassi
A287–A288 |


Modern Environmental Health Hazards in Africa: Additional Comments

José G. Dórea
A288–A289 |

Book Review


Book Reviews: Resilient, Green… and Healthy

Howard Frumkin
A318–A318 |
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