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Environmental Health Perspectives

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July 2013 | Volume 121 | Issue 7



Food from EARTH: Sustainable Farming in Action


Wendee Nicole | A212

Over the past 30 years professors and students at Costa Rica’s EARTH University (Escuela de Agricultura de la Región Tropical Húmeda) have developed safer and more sustainable methods of banana cultivation. The university is impacting the larger banana industry and nations around the world as EARTH alumni take sustainable agriculture initiatives and new business opportunities back to their home countries.




Spheres of Influence

Nanosilver: Weighing the Risks and Benefits


Nate Seltenrich | A220

The use of silver as an antimicrobial is nothing new, but recent advances in the ability to manipulate nanosilver particles, plus evidence that silver can fight antibiotic-resistant bacteria, have led to a surge of new innovations. But consensus remains elusive on subjects as essential as how nanosilver behaves in the body, how the influx of silver affects the environment, and the extent to which its use is apt to breed strains of resistant microbes.


Science Selections

Arsenical Association: Inorganic Arsenic May Accumulate in the Meat of Treated Chickens

Charles W. Schmidt | A226

Also see Nachman et al., p. 818

Filling In the Blanks on Solid Fuel Use: New Model Illustrates Trends, Highlights Needs

Julia R. Barrett | A227

Also see Bonjour et al., p. 784

Tox21 to Date: Steps toward Modernizing Human Hazard Characterization

Kellyn S. Betts | A228

Also see Tice et al., p. 756

Outdoor Smoking Areas: Does the Science Support a Ban?

Carol Potera | A229

Also see Sureda et al., p. 766


Reducing Health Risks from Indoor Exposures in Rapidly Developing Urban China

Yinping Zhang, Jinhan Mo, and Charles J. Weschler | 751


Improving the Human Hazard Characterization of Chemicals: A Tox21 Update

Raymond R. Tice, Christopher P. Austin, Robert J. Kavlock, and John R. Bucher | 756

Also see Science Selections, p. A228

Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure in Open and Semi-Open Settings: A Systematic Review

Xisca Sureda, Esteve Fernández, María J. López, and Manel Nebot | 766

Also see Science Selections, p. A229

Evaluation of the Association between Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and Diabetes in Epidemiological Studies: A National Toxicology Program Workshop Review

Kyla W. Taylor, Raymond F. Novak, Henry A. Anderson, Linda S. Birnbaum, Chad Blystone, Michael DeVito, David Jacobs, Josef Köhrle, Duk-Hee Lee, Lars Rylander, Anna Rignell-Hydbom, Rogelio Tornero-Velez, Mary E. Turyk, Abee L. Boyles, Kristina A. Thayer, and Lars Lind | 774


Solid Fuel Use for Household Cooking: Country and Regional Estimates for 1980–2010

Sophie Bonjour, Heather Adair-Rohani, Jennyfer Wolf, Nigel G. Bruce, Sumi Mehta, Annette Prüss-Ustün, Maureen Lahiff, Eva A. Rehfuess, Vinod Mishra, and Kirk R. Smith | 784

Also see Science Selections, p. A227

Burden of Disease from Toxic Waste Sites in India, Indonesia, and the Philippines in 2010

Kevin Chatham-Stephens, Jack Caravanos, Bret Ericson, Jennifer Sunga-Amparo, Budi Susilorini, Promila Sharma, Philip J. Landrigan, and Richard Fuller | 791

N-6-Adenine-Specific DNA Methyltransferase 1 (N6AMT1) Polymorphisms and Arsenic Methylation in Andean Women

Florencia Harari, Karin Engström, Gabriela Concha, Graciela Colque, Marie Vahter, and Karin Broberg | 797

Risk of Incident Diabetes in Relation to Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Matter in Ontario, Canada

Hong Chen, Richard T. Burnett, Jeffrey C. Kwong, Paul J. Villeneuve, Mark S. Goldberg, Robert D. Brook, Aaron van Donkelaar, Michael Jerrett, Randall V. Martin, Jeffrey R. Brook, and Ray Copes | 804

The Racial/Ethnic Distribution of Heat Risk–Related Land Cover in Relation to Residential Segregation

Bill M. Jesdale, Rachel Morello-Frosch, and Lara Cushing | 811

Roxarsone, Inorganic Arsenic, and Other Arsenic Species in Chicken: A U.S.-Based Market Basket Sample

Keeve E. Nachman, Patrick A. Baron, Georg Raber, Kevin A. Francesconi, Ana Navas-Acien, and David C. Love | 818

Also see Science Selections, p. A226

Adverse Benzo[a]pyrene Effects on Neurodifferentiation Are Altered by Other Neurotoxicant Coexposures: Interactions with Dexamethasone, Chlorpyrifos, or Nicotine in PC12 Cells

Theodore A. Slotkin, Jennifer Card, and Frederic J. Seidler | 825

A Prospective Study of Arsenic Exposure, Arsenic Methylation Capacity, and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Bangladesh

Yu Chen, Fen Wu, Mengling Liu, Faruque Parvez, Vesna Slavkovich, Mahbub Eunus, Alauddin Ahmed, Maria Argos, Tariqul Islam, Muhammad Rakibuz-Zaman, Rabiul Hasan, Golam Sarwar, Diane Levy, Joseph Graziano, and Habibul Ahsan | 832

Pharmaceuticals in Tap Water: Human Health Risk Assessment and Proposed Monitoring Framework in China

Ho Wing Leung, Ling Jin, Si Wei, Mirabelle Mei Po Tsui, Bingsheng Zhou, Liping Jiao, Pak Chuen Cheung, Yiu Kan Chun, Margaret Burkhardt Murphy, and Paul Kwan Sing Lam | 839

Comparison of Intake and Systemic Relative Effect Potencies of Dioxin-like Compounds in Female Mice after a Single Oral Dose

Karin I. van Ede, Patrik L. Andersson, Konrad P.J. Gaisch, Martin van den Berg, and Majorie B.M. van Duursen | 847

Children’s Health

Blood Lead Levels and Serum Insulin-Like Growth Factor 1 Concentrations in Peripubertal Boys

Abby F. Fleisch, Jane S. Burns, Paige L. Williams, Mary M. Lee, Oleg Sergeyev, Susan A. Korrick, and Russ Hauser | 854

Associations between Traffic-Related Black Carbon Exposure and Attention in a Prospective Birth Cohort of Urban Children

Yueh-Hsiu Mathilda Chiu, David C. Bellinger, Brent A. Coull, Shawn Anderson, Rachel Barber, Robert O. Wright, and Rosalind J. Wright | 859

Measures of Thyroid Function among Belarusian Children and Adolescents Exposed to Iodine-131 from the Accident at the Chernobyl Nuclear Plant

Evgenia Ostroumova, Alexander Rozhko, Maureen Hatch, Kyoji Furukawa, Olga Polyanskaya, Robert J. McConnell, Eldar Nadyrov, Sergey Petrenko, George Romanov, Vasilina Yauseyenka, Vladimir Drozdovitch, Viktor Minenko, Alexander Prokopovich, Irina Savasteeva, Lydia B. Zablotska, Kiyohiko Mabuchi, and Alina V. Brenner | 865



Working Together: Research- and Science-Based Regulation of BPA

Linda S. Birnbaum, Jason Aungst, Thaddeus T. Schug, and Jesse L. Goodman | A206


Post-Sandy Preparedness Policies Lag as Sea Levels Rise

Kim Knowlton, Miriam Rotkin-Ellman, and Perry Sheffield | A208


Erratum: “A Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetic Model for the Assessment of Infant Exposure to Persistent Organic Pollutants in Epidemiologic Studies”


Erratum: “CAFOs and Environmental Justice: The Case of North Carolina”


Erratum: “Getting the Drift: Methyl Bromide Application and Adverse Birth Outcomes in an Agricultural Area”


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