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Environmental Health Perspectives

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June 2015 | Volume 123 | Issue 6

News

June 2015 Cover

Focus

Air Quality and Climate Change: A Delicate Balance

Dust, allergens, soot, water vapor, and other particles and gases in the atmosphere are constantly interacting and forming new mixtures, often with the influence of heat and ultraviolet radiation. Many direct human health effects of these airborne agents have been well characterized. Some of these agents also have greenhouse properties, contributing to the overall warming of the planet, while others impart cooling effects. Climate change and air pollution are thus inextricably intertwined.

John H. Tibbetts | A148

© Ron Koeberer/Getty Images

Science Selections

Pediatric Vaccines and Neurodevelopment: Primate Study Finds No Adverse Behavioral Effects

Julia R. Barrett | A156

Also see Curtis et al., p. 579

Comparing BPS and BPA: Cardiovascular Effects in Female Rat Hearts

Nate Seltenrich | A157

Also see Gao et al., p. 571

Exercising in Polluted Areas: Study Suggests Benefits Outweigh the Health Risks of NO2 Exposure

Nancy Averett | A158

Also see Andersen et al., p. 557

Examining Mixtures of Disinfection By-Products: Rat Study Shows No Effects on Reproduction

Lindsey Konkel | A159

Also see Narotsky et al., p. 564

Commentary


IARC Monographs: 40 Years of Evaluating Carcinogenic Hazards to Humans

Neil Pearce, Aaron Blair, Paolo Vineis, Wolfgang Ahrens, Aage Andersen, Josep M. Anto, Bruce K. Armstrong, Andrea A. Baccarelli, Frederick A. Beland, Amy Berrington, Pier Alberto Bertazzi, Linda S. Birnbaum, Ross C. Brownson, John R. Bucher, Kenneth P. Cantor, Elisabeth Cardis, John W. Cherrie, David C. Christiani, Pierluigi Cocco, David Coggon, Pietro Comba, Paul A. Demers, John M. Dement, Jeroen Douwes, Ellen A. Eisen, Lawrence S. Engel, Richard A. Fenske, Lora E. Fleming, Tony Fletcher, Elizabeth Fontham, Francesco Forastiere, Rainer Frentzel-Beyme, Lin Fritschi, Michel Gerin, Marcel Goldberg, Philippe Grandjean, Tom K. Grimsrud, Per Gustavsson, Andy Haines, Patricia Hartge, Johnni Hansen, Michael Hauptmann, Dick Heederik, Kari Hemminki, Denis Hemon, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Jane A. Hoppin, James Huff, Bengt Jarvholm, Daehee Kang, Margaret R. Karagas, Kristina Kjaerheim, Helge Kjuus, Manolis Kogevinas, David Kriebel, Petter Kristensen, Hans Kromhout, Francine Laden, Pierre Lebailly, Grace LeMasters, Jay H. Lubin, Charles F. Lynch, Elsebeth Lynge, Andrea ‘t Mannetje, Anthony J. McMichael, John R. McLaughlin, Loraine Marrett, Marco Martuzzi, James A. Merchant, Enzo Merler, Franco Merletti, Anthony Miller, Franklin E. Mirer, Richard Monson, Karl-Cristian Nordby, Andrew F. Olshan, Marie-Elise Parent, Frederica P. Perera, Melissa J. Perry, Angela Cecilia Pesatori, Roberta Pirastu, Miquel Porta, Eero Pukkala, Carol Rice, David B. Richardson, Leonard Ritter, Beate Ritz, Cecile M. Ronckers, Lesley Rushton, Jennifer A. Rusiecki, Ivan Rusyn, Jonathan M. Samet, Dale P. Sandler, Silvia de Sanjose, Eva Schernhammer, Adele Seniori Costantini, Noah Seixas, Carl Shy, Jack Siemiatycki, Debra T. Silverman, Lorenzo Simonato, Allan H. Smith, Martyn T. Smith, John J. Spinelli, Margaret R. Spitz, Lorann Stallones, Leslie T. Stayner, Kyle Steenland, Mark Stenzel, Bernard W. Stewart, Patricia A. Stewart, Elaine Symanski, Benedetto Terracini, Paige E. Tolbert, Harri Vainio, John Vena, Roel Vermeulen, Cesar G. Victora, Elizabeth M. Ward, Clarice R. Weinberg, Dennis Weisenburger, Catharina Wesseling, Elisabete Weiderpass, and Shelia Hoar Zahm | 507

Reviews


A Review of Nonoccupational Pathways for Pesticide Exposure in Women Living in Agricultural Areas

Nicole C. Deziel, Melissa C. Friesen, Jane A. Hoppin, Cynthia J. Hines, Kent Thomas, and Laura E. Beane Freeman | 515

Natural-Cause Mortality and Long-Term Exposure to Particle Components: An Analysis of 19 European Cohorts within the Multi-Center ESCAPE Project

Rob Beelen, Gerard Hoek, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Massimo Stafoggia, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, Gudrun Weinmayr, Barbara Hoffmann, Kathrin Wolf, Evangelia Samoli, Paul H. Fischer, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Wei W. Xun, Klea Katsouyanni, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Alessandro Marcon, Erkki Vartiainen, Timo Lanki, Tarja Yli-Tuomi, Bente Oftedal, Per E. Schwarze, Per Nafstad, Ulf De Faire, Nancy L. Pedersen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Laura Fratiglioni, Johanna Penell, Michal Korek, Göran Pershagen, Kirsten Thorup Eriksen, Kim Overvad, Mette Sørensen, Marloes Eeftens, Petra H. Peeters, Kees Meliefste, Meng Wang, H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Dorothea Sugiri, Ursula Krämer, Joachim Heinrich, Kees de Hoogh, Timothy Key, Annette Peters, Regina Hampel, Hans Concin, Gabriele Nagel, Andrea Jaensch, Alex Ineichen, Ming-Yi Tsai, Emmanuel Schaffner, Nicole M. Probst-Hensch, Christian Schindler, Martina S. Ragettli, Alice Vilier, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Christophe Declercq, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Claudia Galassi, Enrica Migliore, Andrea Ranzi, Giulia Cesaroni, Chiara Badaloni, Francesco Forastiere, Michail Katsoulis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Menno Keuken, Aleksandra Jedynska, Ingeborg M. Kooter, Jaakko Kukkonen, Ranjeet S. Sokhi, Paolo Vineis, and Bert Brunekreef | 525

Research


Effects of Ambient Coarse, Fine, and Ultrafine Particles and Their Biological Constituents on Systemic Biomarkers: A Controlled Human Exposure Study

Ling Liu, Bruce Urch, Raymond Poon, Mieczyslaw Szyszkowicz, Mary Speck, Diane R. Gold, Amanda J. Wheeler, James A. Scott, Jeffrey R. Brook, Peter S. Thorne, and Frances S. Silverman | 534

Markers of Inflammation and Coagulation after Long-Term Exposure to Coarse Particulate Matter: A Cross-Sectional Analysis from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis

Sara D. Adar, Jennifer D’Souza, Kari Mendelsohn-Victor, David R. Jacobs Jr., Mary Cushman, Lianne Sheppard, Peter S. Thorne, Gregory L. Burke, Martha L. Daviglus, Adam A. Szpiro, Ana V. Diez Roux, Joel D. Kaufman, and Timothy V. Larson | 541

Associations of Mortality with Long-Term Exposures to Fine and Ultrafine Particles, Species and Sources: Results from the California Teachers Study Cohort

Bart Ostro, Jianlin Hu, Debbie Goldberg, Peggy Reynolds, Andrew Hertz, Leslie Bernstein, and Michael J. Kleeman | 549

A Study of the Combined Effects of Physical Activity and Air Pollution on Mortality in Elderly Urban Residents: The Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health Cohort

Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, Audrey de Nazelle, Michelle Ann Mendez, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Ole Hertel, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, and Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen | 557

Also see Science Selections, p. A158

Reproductive Toxicity of a Mixture of Regulated Drinking-Water Disinfection By-Products in a Multigenerational Rat Bioassay

Michael G. Narotsky, Gary R. Klinefelter, Jerome M. Goldman, Anthony B. DeAngelo, Deborah S. Best, Anthony McDonald, Lillian F. Strader, Ashley S. Murr, Juan D. Suarez, Michael H. George, E. Sidney Hunter III, and Jane Ellen Simmons | 564

Also see Science Selections, p. A159

Rapid Responses and Mechanism of Action for Low-Dose Bisphenol S on ex Vivo Rat Hearts and Isolated Myocytes: Evidence of Female-Specific Proarrhythmic Effects

Xiaoqian Gao, Jianyong Ma, Yamei Chen, and Hong-Sheng Wang | 571

Also see Science Selections, p. A157

Examination of the Safety of Pediatric Vaccine Schedules in a Non-Human Primate Model: Assessments of Neurodevelopment, Learning, and Social Behavior

Britni Curtis, Noelle Liberato, Megan Rulien, Kelly Morrisroe, Caroline Kenney, Vernon Yutuc, Clayton Ferrier, C. Nathan Marti, Dorothy Mandell, Thomas M. Burbacher, Gene P. Sackett, and Laura Hewitson | 579

Also see Science Selections, p. A156

Arsenic Exposure and Prevalence of the Varicella Zoster Virus in the United States: NHANES (2003–2004 and 2009–2010)

Andres Cardenas, Ellen Smit, E. Andres Houseman, Nancy I. Kerkvliet, Jeffrey W. Bethel, and Molly L. Kile | 590

Air Pollution and Atherosclerosis: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of Four European Cohort Studies in the ESCAPE Study

Laura Perez, Kathrin Wolf, Frauke Hennig, Johanna Penell, Xavier Basagaña, Maria Foraster, Inmaculada Aguilera, David Agis, Rob Beelen, Bert Brunekreef, Josef Cyrys, Kateryna B. Fuks, Martin Adam, Damiano Baldassarre, Marta Cirach, Roberto Elosua, Julia Dratva, Regina Hampel, Wolfgang Koenig, Jaume Marrugat, Ulf de Faire, Göran Pershagen, Nicole M. Probst-Hensch, Audrey de Nazelle, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Wolfgang Rathmann, Marcela Rivera, Jochen Seissler, Christian Schindler, Joachim Thiery, Barbara Hoffmann, Annette Peters, and Nino Künzli | 597

Predicting Hospitalization for Heat-Related Illness at the Census-Tract Level: Accuracy of a Generic Heat Vulnerability Index in Phoenix, Arizona (USA)

Wen-Ching Chuang and Patricia Gober | 606

Ambient Air Pollution and Adult Asthma Incidence in Six European Cohorts (ESCAPE)

Bénédicte Jacquemin, Valérie Siroux, Margaux Sanchez, Anne-Elie Carsin, Tamara Schikowski, Martin Adam, Valeria Bellisario, Anna Buschka, Roberto Bono, Bert Brunekreef, Yutong Cai, Marta Cirach, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Christophe Declercq, Roberto de Marco, Audrey de Nazelle, Regina E. Ducret-Stich, Virginia Valeria Ferretti, Margaret W. Gerbase, Rebecca Hardy, Joachim Heinrich, Christer Janson, Deborah Jarvis, Zaina Al Kanaani, Dirk Keidel, Diana Kuh, Nicole Le Moual, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Alessandro Marcon, Lars Modig, Isabelle Pin, Thierry Rochat, Christian Schindler, Dorothea Sugiri, Morgane Stempfelet, Sofia Temam, Ming-Yi Tsai, Raphaëlle Varraso, Danielle Vienneau, Andrea Vierkötter, Anna L. Hansell, Ursula Krämer, Nicole M. Probst-Hensch, Jordi Sunyer, Nino Künzli, and Francine Kauffmann | 613

Children’s Health

Background Ionizing Radiation and the Risk of Childhood Cancer: A Census-Based Nationwide Cohort Study

Ben D. Spycher, Judith E. Lupatsch, Marcel Zwahlen, Martin Röösli, Felix Niggli, Michael A. Grotzer, Johannes Rischewski, Matthias Egger, and Claudia E. Kuehni for the Swiss Pediatric Oncology Group and the Swiss National Cohort Study Group | 622

Blood Pressure, Left Ventricular Geometry, and Systolic Function in Children Exposed to Inorganic Arsenic

Citlalli Osorio-Yáñez, Julio C. Ayllon-Vergara, Laura Arreola-Mendoza, Guadalupe Aguilar-Madrid, Erika Hernández-Castellanos, Luz C. Sánchez-Peña, and Luz M. Del Razo | 629

In Utero and Childhood Polybrominated Diphenyl Ether Exposures and Body Mass at Age 7 Years: The CHAMACOS Study

Ayca Erkin-Cakmak, Kim G. Harley, Jonathan Chevrier, Asa Bradman, Katherine Kogut, Karen Huen, and Brenda Eskenazi | 636

Perspectives


Correspondence

Atmospheric Interactions and Cardiac Arrhythmias

Viktor Čulić | A144

Atmospheric Interactions and Cardiac Arrhythmias: Langrish et al. Respond

Jeremy P. Langrish, Jenny A. Bosson, Thomas Sandström, Anders Blomberg, David E. Newby, and Nicholas L. Mills | A144

Concerns about Direct Potable Reuse

Brenda Adelman | A146

Erratum

Erratum: New Developments at EHP

A147




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