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Environmental Health Perspectives

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May 2013 | Volume 121 | Issue 5


The May 2013 cover shows a man cleaning up his house after Hurricane SandyFocus

The Long Road to Recovery: Environmental Health Impacts of Hurricane Sandy

John Manuel | A152

Hurricane Sandy, which struck the U.S. East Coast on 29 October 2012, was the largest storm ever recorded in the Atlantic Ocean. It reached more than 1,000 miles in diameter and affected 24 states from Florida to Maine. Every layer of society, every type of building, felt the impact of the hurricane, and incidences of death and illness, although small in number compared with some other storms, have come in many forms. As recovery and rebuilding move forward, the environmental health impacts of Hurricane Sandy continue to unfold.


Pesticide Spraying May Spread Norovirus

Carol Potera | A148

Gut Bacteria and Melamine Toxicity

Bob Weinhold | A149

Exposure to TDCPP Appears Widespread

Kellyn S. Betts | A150

The Beat

Erin E. Dooley | A151

Two toddler girls play in the dirt on the playground of a child care centerSpheres of Influence

Environmental Exposures in the Context of Child Care

Nate Seltenrich | A160

Infants and toddlers, who experience the world with their hands and mouths, are more exposed to indoor toxics and also are more sensitive to them. Yet environmental health standards in child care settings nationwide—which can include not just private centers but also a variety of other venues—lag behind those of schools. A host of other factors, many of them specific to child care, contribute to the challenge of protecting the environmental health of young charges. But while child care–specific regulations on the national level appear unlikely anytime soon, experts say the child care industry is on the verge of a breakthrough in environmental health.

Science Selections

Reverse Influence Modeling: Estimating Source-by-Source Health Benefits of Reduced Emissions

Lindsey Konkel | A166

Pathways for Processing Noise: Heart Health and the Sounds of Everyday Life

Julia R. Barrett | A167

New Details on Organophosphate Flame Retardants: Exposure in Men Appears Stable over Time

Kellyn S. Betts | A168

Pit Latrines and Groundwater Contamination: Negative Impacts of a Popular Sanitation Method

Tanya Tillett | A169


Pit Latrines and Their Impacts on Groundwater Quality: A Systematic Review

Jay P. Graham and Matthew L. Polizzotto | 521


Modeling Cadmium Exposures in Low- and High-Exposure Areas in Thailand

Soisungwan Satarug, Witaya Swaddiwudhipong, Werawan Ruangyuttikarn, Muneko Nishijo, and Patricia Ruiz | 531

Land Application of Treated Sewage Sludge: Community Health and Environmental Justice

Amy Lowman, Mary Anne McDonald, Steve Wing, and Naeema Muhammad | 537

Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Residential Dust: Sources of Variability

Todd P. Whitehead, Catherine Metayer, Myrto Petreas, Monique Does, Patricia A. Buffler, and Stephen M. Rappaport | 543

Augmented Pulmonary Responses to Acute Ozone Exposure in Obese Mice: Roles of TNFR2 and IL-13

Alison Suzanne Williams, Joel Andrew Mathews, David Itiro Kasahara, Lucas Chen, Allison Patricia Wurmbrand, Huiqing Si, and Stephanie Ann Shore | 551

Cardiovascular Outcomes and the Physical and Chemical Properties of Metal Ions Found in Particulate Matter Air Pollution: A QICAR Study

Qingyu Meng, Jennifer Richmond-Bryant, Shou-En Lu, Barbara Buckley, William J. Welsh, Eric A. Whitsel, Adel Hanna, Karin B. Yeatts, Joshua Warren, Amy H. Herring, and Aijun Xiu | 558

Temporal Variability of Pesticide Concentrations in Homes and Implications for Attenuation Bias in Epidemiologic Studies

Nicole C. Deziel, Mary H. Ward, Erin M. Bell, Todd P. Whitehead, Robert B. Gunier, Melissa C. Friesen, and John R. Nuckols | 565

Source Attribution of Health Benefits from Air Pollution Abatement in Canada and the United States: An Adjoint Sensitivity Analysis

Amanda Joy Pappin and Amir Hakami | 572

Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate Flame Retardants: Temporal Variability and Correlations with House Dust Concentrations

John D. Meeker, Ellen M. Cooper, Heather M. Stapleton, and Russ Hauser | 580

Effects of Low Doses of Bisphenol A on the Metabolome of Perinatally Exposed CD-1 Mice

Nicolas J. Cabaton, Cécile Canlet, Perinaaz R. Wadia, Marie Tremblay-Franco, Roselyne Gautier, Jérôme Molina, Carlos Sonnenschein, Jean-Pierre Cravedi, Beverly S. Rubin, Ana M. Soto, and Daniel Zalko | 586

Prenatal Exposure to the Pesticide DDT and Hypertension Diagnosed in Women before Age 50: A Longitudinal Birth Cohort Study

Michele La Merrill, Piera M. Cirillo, Mary Beth Terry, Nickilou Y. Krigbaum, Julie D. Flom, and Barbara A. Cohn | 594

Health Implications of PAH Release from Coated Cast Iron Drinking Water Distribution Systems in the Netherlands

E.J. Mirjam Blokker, Bianca M. van de Ven, Cindy M. de Jongh, and P.G.G. (Nellie) Slaats | 600

Individual Daytime Noise Exposure during Routine Activities and Heart Rate Variability in Adults: A Repeated Measures Study

Ute Kraus, Alexandra Schneider, Susanne Breitner, Regina Hampel, Regina Rückerl, Mike Pitz, Uta Geruschkat, Petra Belcredi, Katja Radon, and Annette Peters | 607

AhR-Mediated Effects of Dioxin on Neuronal Acetylcholinesterase Expression in Vitro

Heidi Qunhui Xie, Hai-Ming Xu, Hua-Ling Fu, Qin Hu, Wen-Jing Tian, Xin-Hui Pei, and Bin Zhao | 613

Children’s Health

Acetylcholinesterase Activity, Cohabitation with Floricultural Workers, and Blood Pressure in Ecuadorian Children

Jose R. Suarez-Lopez, David R. Jacobs Jr., John H. Himes, and Bruce H. Alexander | 619

Exposure to Perfluoroalkyl Acids and Markers of Kidney Function among Children and Adolescents Living near a Chemical Plant

Deborah J. Watkins, Jyoti Josson, Beth Elston, Scott M. Bartell, Hyeong-Moo Shin, Veronica M. Vieira, David A. Savitz, Tony Fletcher, and Gregory A. Wellenius | 625

In Utero DDT and DDE Exposure and Obesity Status of 7-Year-Old Mexican‑American Children in the CHAMACOS Cohort

Marcella Warner, Raul Aguilar Schall, Kim G. Harley, Asa Bradman, Dana Barr, and Brenda Eskenazi | 631

Acute Lower Respiratory Infection in Childhood and Household Fuel Use in Bhaktapur, Nepal

Michael N. Bates, Ram K. Chandyo, Palle Valentiner-Branth, Amod K. Pokhrel, Maria Mathisen, Sudha Basnet, Prakash S. Shrestha, Tor A. Strand, and Kirk R. Smith | 637




The JPC-SE Position Statement on Asbestos: A Long-Overdue Appeal by Epidemiologists to Ban Asbestos Worldwide and End Related Global Environmental Injustice

Wael K. Al-Delaimy | A144


Erratum: Williams et al. “RDX Binds to the GABAA Receptor–Convulsant Site and Blocks GABAA Receptor–Mediated Currents in the Amygdala: A Mechanism for RDX‑Induced Seizures” [119:357–363 (2011)]


Erratum: Halonen et al. “Associations between Nighttime Traffic Noise and Sleep: The Finnish Public Sector Study” [120:1391–1396 (2012)]


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