Urinary Metabolites of Organophosphate and Pyrethroid Pesticides and Behavioral Problems in Canadian Children

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1306667



Table 3. Association between levels of pyrethroid and organophosphate urinary metabolites and high scores on the SDQ (≥ 17) (OR per 10-fold increase in urinary levels); n = 779.
SDQ No. of
cases (%)
OR (95% CI)
Pyrethroid
cis-DCCAa
Pyrethroid trans-DCCAa Pyrethroid 3-PBAb Organophosphate ∑DAPb
aEstimates were adjusted for sex, age, race/ethnicity, income, parental education, maternal smoking during pregnancy, birth weight, blood lead levels, and urinary creatinine. bEstimates were adjusted for the covariates listed above, plus BMI and fasting status. *p < 0.05.
Total difficulties 69 (6.8) 2.0 (1.1, 3.6)* 1.6 (0.9, 3.0) 1.0 (0.5, 2.0) 0.6 (0.3, 1.3)
Conduct problems 78 (8.0) 1.1 (0.4, 2.8) 1.0 (0.4, 2.2) 1.0 (0.4, 2.1) 0.6 (0.3, 1.3)
Emotional symptoms 97 (9.1) 1.4 (0.5, 4.0) 1.5 (0.5, 4.2) 1.3 (0.5, 3.6) 1.1 (0.5, 2.2)
Hyperactivity/inattention 109 (11.1) 1.4 (0.7, 2.6) 1.4 (0.8, 2.4) 1.0 (0.5, 2.0) 0.8 (0.3, 2.0)
Peer problems 71 (7.3) 0.9 (0.6, 1.5) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 0.7 (0.4, 1.3) 0.8 (0.3, 2.0)