|Neighborhood characteristic||Population density||Area poverty||Area racial composition||Traffic volume||Park coverage|
|Neighborhood characteristics shown were assessed for a 0.25-km buffer around the prenatal address for 549 participants with one or more outcomes assessed.
*p < 0.05.
|Population density (thousands/km2)||—|
|Area poverty (percent of residents below federal poverty line)||–0.32*||—|
|Area racial composition (percent of residents reporting black race)||–0.55*||0.31*||—|
|Traffic volume (estimated average daily traffic in thousands of vehicles)||–0.15*||–0.18*||0.09*||—|
|Park coverage (percent of land area covered by park land)||–0.28*||0.04||–0.04||0.13*||—|
|Tree canopy coverage (percent of land area covered by tree canopy)||–0.42*||0.14*||0.25*||0.14*||0.59*|