Concentrations and Potential Health Risks of Metals in Lip Products

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205518



Table 1. PHGs and ADIa derived for the present study.
Metal intake guidelines Al Cd Crb Cu Mnc Ni Pb
Abbreviations: ADI, acceptable daily intake; NA, not applicable; PHGs, public health goals; UF, uncertainty factor.
aSee “Methods” for the calculation of ADI.b For PHG, Cr(VI) potency factor was used instead of NOAEL/LOAEL.cREL for manganese via inhalation was used instead of a PHG value (μg/m3).dAs reported in Cal/EPA PHG documents (Cal/EPA 2001a, 2001b, 2006, 2008a, 2008b, 2009, 2011b).
PHGd (μg/L) 600 0.04 0.02 300 0.09 12 0.2
NOAEL/LOAEL 125 mg/day 19 μg/day 0.5/mg/kg-day 426 μg/kg-day NA 1.12 mg/kg-day 2.86 μg/day
UF 100 50 NA 3 NA 1,000 3
ADI (μg/day) 1,250 0.38 0.1 7,100 1.8 56 0.95