Concentrations and Potential Health Risks of Metals in Lip Products

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1205518



Table 2. Metal concentration in tested lip products and summary statistics (ppm w/w).
Sample ID Type Al Cd Co Cr Cu Mn Ni Pb Ti
LOD, limit of detection.
L1001 Lip gloss 2,147 < 0.002 0.133 0.584 1.19 3.35 2.10 0.077 135
L1002 Lip gloss 4,413 0.667 0.897 4.19 2.05 29.5 4.23 0.405 663
L1003 Lip gloss 4,559 < 0.002 0.302 1.32 0.579 5.39 9.14 0.149 265
L1004 Lip gloss 520 3.48 0.253 0.697 0.889 0.884 9.73 < 0.025 214
L1005 Lip gloss 164 1.63 < 0.005 0.386 0.689 0.700 3.59 0.080 329
L1006 Lip gloss 10,536 < 0.002 0.200 1.21 0.319 6.83 0.651 0.097 454
L1007 Lip gloss 547 0.333 0.092 0.205 1.19 1.64 0.397 0.042 103
L1008 Lip gloss 10,533 < 0.002 0.304 1.20 1.03 6.78 1.85 < 0.025 958
L1009 Lip gloss 4,079 0.953 0.961 4.94 0.197 38.5 2.71 0.572 1,418
L1010 Lip gloss 1,078 < 0.002 0.161 6.05 0.534 1.48 2.98 < 0.025 369
L1011 Lip gloss 0.415 1.07 0.059 < 0.005 0.063 0.35 0.013 0.082 4.72
L1012 Lip gloss 1,701 < 0.002 0.176 0.799 0.125 3.20 3.27 < 0.025 278
L1013 Lip gloss 547 < 0.002 0.141 1.28 < 0.010 10.2 0.299 0.216 60.0
L1014 Lipstick 4,448 2.16 1.30 9.72 < 0.010 35.3 3.02 1.25 399
L1015 Lipstick 10,730 0.479 0.025 3.27 < 0.010 13.3 3.61 < 0.025 895
L1016 Lipstick 11,682 0.694 0.106 3.90 < 0.010 23.3 1.41 0.128 563
L1017 Lip gloss 306 < 0.002 0.099 0.648 0.256 0.597 0.51 0.050 262
L1018 Lip gloss 5,815 < 0.002 0.218 3.18 4.21 11.3 4.32 0.079 368
L1019 Lip gloss 3,314 < 0.002 0.214 5.06 6.81 10.0 4.57 1.04 247
L1020 Lip gloss 5,986 < 0.002 0.243 2.05 0.492 8.91 3.48 < 0.025 346
L1021 Lip gloss 4,448 0.962 0.652 7.84 5.71 28.6 6.27 1.32 460
L1022 Lip gloss 9,625 < 0.002 0.199 4.37 7.35 11.0 3.66 0.421 307
L1023 Lip gloss 5,007 < 0.002 0.332 4.42 7.38 14.0 4.66 0.710 973
L1024 Lip gloss 11.4 1.26 0.066 1.39 2.58 0.661 1.69 0.519 15.9
L1025 Lip gloss 7.72 0.896 0.007 0.326 0.125 0.510 0.278 0.029 10.1
L1026 Lipstick 10,585 < 0.002 < 0.005 0.948 0.028 8.22 1.08 0.133 294
L1027 Lipstick 11,131 1.46 0.19 6.53 < 0.010 21.5 1.85 0.678 304
L1028 Lip gloss 3,911 < 0.002 0.074 1.20 < 0.010 8.16 1.25 0.153 125
L1029 Lipstick 27,032 0.908 0.381 7.03 < 0.010 35.1 2.17 < 0.025 328
L1030 Lipstick 6,369 < 0.002 < 0.005 1.36 < 0.010 8.39 0.673 0.296 303
L1031 Lip gloss 5,511 < 0.002 < 0.005 3.27 0.214 6.35 1.63 < 0.025 228
L1032 Lipstick 14.2 0.426 0.058 < 0.005 < 0.010 0.361 < 0.012 0.0997 4.64
All samples                  
LOD 0.025 0.002 0.005 0.005 0.01 0.002 0.012 0.025 0.01
Maximum 27,032 3.48 1.30 9.72 7.38 38.5 9.73 1.32 1,418
Minimum 0.415 < 0.002 < 0.005 < 0.005 < 0.010 0.350 < 0.012 < 0.025 4.64
Percent > LOD 100 47 88 94 72 100 97 75 100
For values > LOD                  
Median 4,431 0.953 0.194 1.72 0.689 8.19 2.17 0.151 303
Mean 5,211 1.16 0.28 2.98 1.91 11.1 2.81 0.359 365
SD 5,570 0.805 0.307 2.56 2.51 11.4 2.36 0.387 318