Economic Costs of Childhood Lead Exposure in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1206424



Table 1. Countries included in the study by WHO region.
WHO region Country
WHO, World Health Organization. Countries not included in the economic analysis because either no GDP per capita data or no data on population < 5 years were available: Seychelles, North Korea, Occupied Palestinian Territory, Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Dominica, and Saint Kitts and Nevis. Oceania is not included because the vast majority of the population reside in Australia and New Zealand, both high-income countries.
Africa  
Eastern Africa Burundi, Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Rwanda, Somalia, Uganda, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Southern Africa Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland
Western Africa Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
Middle Africa Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, São Tomé and Principe
Northern Africa Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia
Asia  
Eastern Asia Democratic People’s Republic of China, Mongolia
Southern Asia Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka
Central Asia Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan
Southeastern Asia Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Thailand, Timor Leste, Vietnam
Western Asia Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Turkey, Yemen
Latin America/Caribbean  
Central America Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama
South America Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, Venezuela
Caribbean Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines