Household Cooking with Solid Fuels Contributes to Ambient PM2.5 Air Pollution and the Burden of Disease

Table 1. Sources of input data.
Data source and model Purpose in this analysis Data attributes Spatial resolution References
GAINS Calculate proportion of household PM2.5 emissions that comes from cooking Includes household cooking stoves and open-pit cooking emissions. Does not include nonfuel cooking emissions. Units: mass emissions of primary PM2.5, by sector and technology used. Country or subcountry IIASA 2012; IEA 2011; Purohit et al. 2010
TM5-FASST (MESSAGE) Calculate proportion of ambient PM2.5 that comes from household combustion Uses MESSAGE to calculate particulate matter emissions by sector and TM5 atmospheric chemical transport model to calculate secondary organic aerosol formation. Units: concentrations (μg/m3) of annual average population-weighted PM2.5. Includes secondary organic aerosol formation. Dust and sea salt estimated by comparing combustion-derived PM2.5 to total ambient PM2.5 reported by Brauer et al. (2012). Country or region (derived from gridded 1° × 1° concentration results) Brauer et al. 2012
Global burden of disease Calculate ill health resulting from exposure to outdoor PM2.5 air pollution Uses estimates of average annual population-weighted PM2.5 concentrations to calculate ill health from outdoor air pollution. Units: annual deaths and DALYs, by region. Deaths and DALYs: region PM2.5. Concentrations: 0.1° × 0.1° gridded Brauer et al. 2012; Lim et al. 2012