Household Cooking with Solid Fuels Contributes to Ambient PM2.5 Air Pollution and the Burden of Disease

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1206340



Table 2. Population-weighted contribution of cooking to ambient particulate matter pollution (PM2.5-cook), by region.
GBD 2010 regiona PM2.5-cook (%)b PM2.5-cook (μg/m3)c APM2.5d
1990 2005 2010 1990 2005 2010 1990 2005 2010
aRegional groupings, defined by IHME for the Global Burden of Disease 2010 project, are described in Supplemental Material, Table S1. bPercent of population-weighted annual average ambient PM2.5 attributable to household cooking. cConcentration of population-weighted annual average ambient PM2.5 attributable to household cooking (μg/m3). ­dConcentration of total population-weighted annual average ambient PM2.5 (μg/m3).
Southern sub-Saharan Africa 13.0 32.0 37.0 0.8 2.2 2.8 6.4 6.6 6.9
South Asia 15.0 30.0 26.0 4.4 9.4 8.6 30.0 32.0 33.0
Southern Latin America 11.0 13.0 15.0 0.8 0.8 1.0 6.4 6.0 5.9
Eastern sub-Saharan Africa 4.9 12.0 13.0 0.5 1.1 1.2 11.0 12.0 12.0
Southeast Asia 22.0 13.0 11.0 3.9 2.5 2.0 16.0 17.0 17.0
East Asia 23.0 14.0 10.0 11.0 9.1 7.3 49.0 63.0 72.0
Western sub-Saharan Africa 3.4 9.0 10.0 0.9 2.2 2.4 27.0 27.0 27.0
Central sub-Saharan Africa 3.7 9.4 9.8 0.6 1.3 1.4 16.0 14.0 14.0
Tropical Latin America 3.9 6.2 7.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 5.2 5.2 5.1
Andean Latin America 5.7 5.2 5.7 0.4 0.4 0.4 7.8 8.2 8.0
Central Latin America 5.5 5.0 5.3 0.7 0.5 0.5 14.0 11.0 12.0
Caribbean 7.1 4.7 5.3 0.6 0.4 0.4 8.6 9.3 9.1
North Africa and Middle East 3.3 3.8 3.3 0.9 1.0 0.9 30.0 29.0 29.0
High-income Asia Pacific 1.1 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.2 0.2 31.0 27.0 26.0
Central Asia 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 24.0 21.0 20.0
Australasia 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 5.0 5.0 5.7
Western Europe 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 25.0 17.0 15.0
Central Europe 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 31.0 19.0 16.0
Eastern Europe 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 19.0 10.0 10.0
High-income North America 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.0 13.0 13.0
Global 11.0 13.0 12.0 4.0 4.5 4.0 29.0 30.0 31.0