Household Cooking with Solid Fuels Contributes to Ambient PM2.5 Air Pollution and the Burden of Disease

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1206340



Table 3. Estimated burden of disease from exposure to ambient PM2.5 attributable to household cooking with solid fuels.
GBD 2010 regiona Deaths DALYs
1990 2005 2010 1990 2005 2010
aRegional groupings, defined by IHME for the GBD 2010 project, are described in Supplemental Material, Table S1.
South Asia 79,000 210,000 200,000 3,100,000 6,700,000 6,000,000
East Asia 220,000 170,000 130,000 5,700,000 3,700,000 2,600,000
Southeast Asia 24,000 20,000 18,000 800,000 510,000 450,000
Western sub-Saharan Africa 2,400 6,300 7,800 140,000 320,000 380,000
North Africa and Middle East 4,500 6,200 5,800 150,000 170,000 160,000
Eastern sub-Saharan Africa 1,400 3,200 3,500 74,000 150,000 140,000
Central sub-Saharan Africa 480 1,300 1,600 24,000 53,000 65,000
Central Latin America 1,200 1,100 1,400 37,000 26,000 33,000
Southern sub-Saharan Africa 330 1,000 1,400 11,000 36,000 41,000
Tropical Latin America 240 480 540 6,800 12,000 13,000
High-income Asia Pacific 840 470 530 17,000 7,800 8,200
Southern Latin America 440 440 500 9,800 9,000 9,900
Caribbean 390 330 380 9,900 7,500 8,700
Andean Latin America 140 140 160 5,500 3,900 4,200
Central Asia 490 51 78 16,000 1,400 2,000
Western Europe 150 4 2 2,400 64 24
Australasia 0 1 1 4 9 9
Central Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Europe 0 0 0 0 0 0
High-income North America 0 0 0 0 0 0
Global 330,000 420,000 370,000 10,000,000 12,000,000 9,900,000