Aerial Application of Mancozeb and Urinary Ethylene Thiourea (ETU) Concentrations among Pregnant Women in Costa Rica: The Infants’ Environmental Health Study (ISA)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1307679



Table 1. Description of pregnant women from the ISA birth cohort study with at least one urine sample (n = 445).
Characteristic n Mean ± SD P50 (P25, P75) Minimum Maximum
P, percentile.
Age at enrollment (years) 445 24 ± 6.5 22 (19, 28) 15 44
Gestational age at enrollment (weeks) 445 18 ± 6.4 18 (13, 24) 6 33
Educational level (completed years) 445 7.0 ± 2.8 6.0 (6.0, 9.0) 0 15
Income per capita (US$/month) 412 140 ± 93 120 (80, 173) 16 1,080
Partner’s age (years) 438 28 ± 9.0 26 (22, 33) 15 64
Partner’s educational level (completed years) 391 6.6 ± 2.9 6.0 (6.0, 9.0) 0 16
Residential distance to banana plantation at enrollment (m) 445 453 ± 657 216 (48, 565) 0.3 4,115