Reducing Phthalate, Paraben, and Phenol Exposure from Personal Care Products in Adolescent Girls: Findings from the HERMOSA Intervention Study

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1510514



Table 2. Comparison of creatinine-corrected urinary analyte concentrations (μg/g) in adolescent girls participating in HERMOSA (= 100) and NHANES (= 108).
Analyte HERMOSA study preintervention (2013) NHANES girls age 14–18 years (2011–2012) p-Valuea
LOD (μg/L) DF (%) GM (μg/g) Percentile (μg/g) LOD (μg/L) DF (%) GM (μg/g) Percentile (μg/g)
25th 50th 75th 95th 25th 50th 75th 95th
Abbreviations: DF, detection frequency; GM, geometric mean; LOD, limit of detection.
at-Test comparison of HERMOSA and NHANES geometric means, replacing values < LOD with LOD divided by the square root of 2. bMetabolite of diethyl phthalate. cMetabolite of di-n-butyl phthalate. dMetabolite of di-isobutyl phthalate.
Phthalates
MEPb 0.5 100 43.9 21.33 36.4 83.7 237.9 0.4 100 29.0 15.2 31.2 62.7 267.9 0.16
MnBPc 0.9 97 15.9 11.0 15.0 22.3 46.6 1.0 96 8.0 5.1 8.8 14.6 34.0 < 0.01
MiBPd 0.4 99 8.5 5.1 7.5 13.0 32.1 0.2 100 6.4 4.3 6.7 9.9 18.7 < 0.01
Parabens
Methyl paraben 0.5 93 43.4 13.4 47.9 121.7 1,013.7 1.0 96 11.0 4.0 12.1 54.0 493.5 < 0.01
Ethyl paraben 0.5 55 1.6 < LOD 1.25 3.75 62.18 1.0 25 0.9 0.4 0.6 1.3 20.1 < 0.01
Butyl paraben 0.2 49 0.5 < LOD < LOD 1.3 20.2 0.2 8 0.1 < LOD < LOD < LOD 0.6 < 0.01
Propyl paraben 0.2 90 12.7 2.83 15.35 79.7 270.71 1.0 89 1.4 0.5 1.2 6.2 89.2 < 0.01
Phenols
Triclosan 0.2 93 5.3 1.0 3.7 17.5 579.2 2.3 82 8.0 2.0 5.0 26.7 261.6 0.17
BP-3 0.5 97 97.4 26.6 117.2 434.3 2,938.2 0.4 100 14.7 3.8 9.2 30.1 375.7 < 0.01