Serum Testosterone Concentrations and Urinary Bisphenol A, Benzophenone-3, Triclosan, and Paraben Levels in Male and Female Children and Adolescents: NHANES 2011–2012

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP150



Table 1. Weighted characteristics for children and adolescent (6–19 years) participants in NHANES 2011–2012.
Characteristic Male children Male adolescents Female children Female adolescents
aChildren and adolescents were classified as underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese according to age and sex, as defined by NHANES (http://wwwn.cdc.gov/Nchs/Nhanes/2011-2012/BMX_G.htm).
bInformation on recreational physical activity was available for adolescents only; participants were asked whether they engaged in regular moderate and/or vigorous recreational activities (categorized as yes or no).
n 134 161 142 157
Urinary bisphenol A (ng/mL) [GM (SE)] 1.74 (0.26) 1.94 (0.29) 1.40 (0.17) 1.49 (0.21)
Urinary benzophenone-3 (ng/mL) [GM (SE)] 15.57 (4.61) 20.03 (5.69) 18.31 (3.96) 35.59 (14.40)
Urinary triclosan (ng/mL) [GM (SE)] 8.79 (1.80) 8.55 (1.67) 6.30 (0.72) 12.27 (3.05)
Urinary total parabens (ng/mL) [GM (SE)] 15.07 (4.19) 18.51 (4.15) 29.51 (6.58) 63.75 (17.23)
Age (years) [GM (SE)] 8.39 (0.20) 15.50 (0.19) 8.76 (0.15) 15.20 (0.17)
Serum total testosterone (ng/dL) [GM (SE)] 3.75 (0.60) 276.07 (27.71) 5.80 (0.54) 22.78 (0.73)
Serum cotinine (ng/mL) [GM (SE)] 0.06 (0.01) 0.12 (0.02) 0.05 (0.01) 0.14 (0.05)
Urinary creatinine (mg/dL) [GM (SE)] 71.18 (6.16) 112.65 (10.23) 68.09 (5.42) 98.87 (11.42)
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) [GM (SE)] 156.25 (2.27) 148.93 (2.61) 156.42 (3.33) 159.16 (5.82)
Ratio family income to poverty [GM (SE)] 1.65 (0.09) 1.73 (0.25) 1.76 (0.18) 1.73 (0.22)
Obesitya
Normal/underweight [% (SE)] 93.83 (1.93) 59.12 (3.11) 86.16 (3.16) 64.21 (8.17)
Overweight [% (SE)] 5.14 (2.31) 23.40 (3.64) 9.07 (3.85) 16.25 (4.16)
Obese [% (SE)] 1.03 (0.77) 17.49 (4.58) 4.78 (1.85) 19.54 (6.14)
Race/ethnicity
White (non-Hispanic) [% (SE)] 54.45 (5.59) 55.06 (4.75) 55.13 (7.84) 55.46 (6.60)
Non-Hispanic black [% (SE)] 15.40 (1.97) 15.73 (4.07) 12.21 (3.17) 15.44 (5.05)
Hispanic [% (SE)] 21.78 (5.12) 22.21 (3.98) 25.10 (5.25) 21.69 (4.07)
Other [% (SE)] 7.37 (2.49) 7.00 (2.45) 7.57 (2.12) 7.41 (1.44)
Session time of venipuncture
Morning 42.20 (5.42) 51.94 (6.77) 53.74 (4.01) 42.36 (4.89)
Afternoon 31.88 (3.96) 29.45 (4.98) 30.16 (4.51) 36.83 (4.64)
Evening 25.92 (4.75) 18.61 (5.37) 16.10 (3.06) 20.81 (5.11)
Six month time period when the examination was performed
1 November through 30 April [% (SE)] 52.60 (7.30) 47.64 (9.29) 48.08 (6.93) 40.15 (7.91)
1 May through 31 October [% (SE)] 47.40 (7.30) 52.36 (9.29) 51.92 (6.93) 59.85 (7.91)
Physical activityb
Yes [% (SE)] 90.23 (3.05) 71.43 (4.21)
No [% (SE)] 9.77 (3.05) 28.57 (4.21)