Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries: The IPEN Study

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409466



Table 1. Demographic characteristics of sample by city.
City n Low walk NH (%) Low SES NH (%) Female
(%)
With partner (%) College graduate (%) Age (years) (mean ± SD)
Abbreviations: AUS, Australia; BEL, Belgium; BR, Brazil; CN, China; COL, Colombia; CZ, Czech Republic; DEN, Denmark; MEX, Mexico; NH, neighborhood; NZ, New Zealand; SD, standard deviation; SES, socioeconomic status; SP, Spain; UK, United Kingdom; US, United States; walk, walkability.
AUS: Adelaide 2,650 51.4 47.9 64.0 56.5 46.3 44.5 ± 12.3
BEL: Ghent 1,166 50.0 49.7 52.1 73.4 60.9 42.7 ± 12.6
BR: Curitiba 697 49.8 50.2 52.9 58.1 38.7 41.1 ± 13.2
CN: Hong Kong 493 47.1 48.7 58.9 59.0 40.0 42.8 ± 11.7
COL: Bogota 963 44.8 59.5 63.7 53.4 22.2 40.0 ± 13.7
CZ: Hradec Kralove 167 53.3 31.7 60.5 47.4 26.1 34.0 ± 13.1
CZ: Olomouc 330 32.1 40.6 62.7 58.4 32.2 37.9 ± 14.7
DEN: Aarhus 642 46.6 43.9 56.7 65.4 48.0 39.0 ± 13.9
MEX: Cuernavaca 677 50.5 49.8 55.4 64.7 27.6 42.1 ± 12.6
NZ: Christchurch 495 50.3 50.3 55.8 55.4 32.0 41.7 ± 12.6
NZ: North Shore 511 50.3 33.3 63.9 70.4 38.3 41.1 ± 11.8
NZ: Waitakere 512 48.6 59.0 60.7 74.2 30.7 40.8 ± 11.8
NZ: Wellington 496 49.4 50.0 51.2 56.7 52.2 39.2 ± 12.7
SP: Pamplona 904 32.0 56.9 55.2 53.0 57.8 38.7 ± 14.2
UK: Stoke-on-Trent 843 77.5 47.1 56.1 44.8 14.1 43.0 ± 13.3
US: Baltimore 912 50.8 47.5 52.3 60.5 67.6 46.6 ± 10.7
US: Seattle 1,287 49.4 48.7 45.2 63.2 63.2 44.0 ± 11.0