Perceived Neighborhood Environmental Attributes Associated with Walking and Cycling for Transport among Adult Residents of 17 Cities in 12 Countries: The IPEN Study

http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1409466



Table 2. Prevalence of walking and cycling for transport outcomes by city assessed in previous week by IPAQ–LF.
City Any walking for transport [n (%)] Any cycling for transport [n (%)] ≥ 150 min walking for transport
[n (%)]
≥ 150 min cycling for transport
[n (%)]
Total minutes walking for transport
(mean ± SD)a
Total minutes cycling for transport
(mean ± SD)b
Abbreviations: AUS, Australia; BEL, Belgium; BR, Brazil; CN, China; COL, Colombia; CZ, Czech Republic; DEN, Denmark; MEX, Mexico; NZ, New Zealand; SP, Spain; UK, United Kingdom; US, United States.
aTotal minutes in those who reported any walking. bTotal minutes in those who reported any cycling.
AUS: Adelaide 1,998 (77.1) 304 (11.8) 973 (36.7) 130 (4.9) 200.2 ± 412.7 27.7 ± 174.0
BEL: Ghent 608 (52.1) 504 (43.2) 194 (16.6) 194 (16.6) 79.3 ± 155.9 63.9 ± 119.7
BR: Curitiba 538 (77.3) 52 (7.5) 195 (27.9) 19 (2.7) 153.3 ± 300.0 14.7 ± 78.2
CN: Hong Kong 377 (78.9) 44 (9.7) 249 (50.5) 22 (4.4) 288.9 ± 881.2 18.8 ± 83.1
COL: Bogota 870 (90.3) 89 (9.2) 490 (50.9) 39 (4.1) 303.7 ± 490.9 21.7 ± 125.0
CZ: Hradec Kralove 139 (83.2) 59 (35.3) 87 (52.1) 26 (15.6) 298.1 ± 411.1 85.3 ± 233.7
CZ: Olomouc 272 (83.2) 60 (18.2) 203 (61.5) 24 (7.3) 401.5 ± 591.9 35.7 ± 141.0
DEN: Aarhus 514 (86.1) 401 (62.5) 229 (35.7) 188 (29.3) 190.8 ± 331.4 136.1 ± 222.5
MEX: Cuernavaca 611 (90.3) 8 (1.2) 303 (44.7) 1 (0.2) 325.7 ± 584.9 0.8 ± 8.5
NZ: Christchurch 278 (56.2) 66 (13.3) 84 (17.0) 29 (5.9) 79.7 ± 177.4 26.4 ± 110.5
NZ: North Shore 334 (65.5) 31 (6.1) 98 (19.1) 11 (2.2) 86.1 ± 154.8 14.1 ± 127.3
NZ: Waitakere 319 (62.3) 37 (7.2) 70 (13.7) 13 (2.5) 88.7 ± 279.8 12.6 ± 81.0
NZ: Wellington 422 (85.1) 40 (8.1) 210 (42.3) 20 (4.0) 180.0 ± 220.5 18.6 ± 128.0
SP: Pamplona 810 (92.3) 111 (12.4) 560 (61.9) 42 (4.6) 322.0 ± 353.1 23.1 ± 108.4
UK: Stoke-on-Trent 553 (65.8) 35 (4.2) 287 (34.0) 25 (3.0) 218.4 ± 426.3 13.9 ± 109.1
US: Baltimore 620 (68.1) 60 (6.6) 305 (33.4) 19 (2.1) 171.4 ± 302.8 8.5 ± 43.1
US: Seattle 877 (68.3) 116 (9.0) 405 (31.5) 49 (3.8) 173.9 ± 359.4 17.0 ± 99.2